Christian Crouzel

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Using [18F]setoperone and positron emission tomography (PET), alterations in serotonergic 5-HT2 receptor binding were studied in cerebral cortex of nine unmedicated patients with probable Alzheimer's disease and 37 healthy controls. The kinetics of unchanged radioligand in plasma and 18F-radioactivity in blood and brain were obtained for 90 min following(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropsychological and imaging studies suggest that frontal dysfunction may occur in apparently normal chronic alcoholic subjects. METHODS To investigate this issue further, we performed neuropsychological and fluorodeoxy-glucose-PET studies in 17 chronic alcoholics without patent neurological and psychiatric complications. RESULTS Metabolic(More)
Using quantitative PET, the authors studied the binding of [11C]PK11195, a marker of activated microglia, in the thalamus of patients with chronic middle cerebral artery infarcts. All patients showed increased [11C]PK11195 binding in the ipsilateral thalamus, indicating the activation of microglia in degenerating projection areas remote from the primary(More)
We report here the first positron emission tomography (PET) images showing the in vivo regional distribution of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in human brain. The study was carried out in eight healthy human volunteers using as a tracer [11C]-physostigmine ([11C]PHY), an inhibitor of AChE. After intravenous injection of [11C]PHY, radioactivity was rapidly(More)
A kinetic method using a multiinjection protocol, positron emission tomography (PET), and [11C]flumazenil as a specific ligand was used to study in vivo the flumazenil-benzodiazepine receptor interactions in the human brain. The model structure is composed of three compartments (plasma, free, and bound ligand) and five parameters (including the(More)
The dopaminergic hypothesis of schizophrenia postulates increased brain dopaminergic activity. Two previous studies reported increased 18F-DOPA uptake with positron emission tomography in schizophrenic patients (n = 5, n = 7). In the present study, striatal dopaminergic function was assessed in vivo in six untreated schizophrenics and seven control(More)
The utility of the peripheral type benzodiazepine site ligand 11C-PK 11195, for imaging human glioma in conjunction with Positron Emission Tomography, relies on a high specific binding of the tracer to tumoral peripheral type benzodiazepines sites. In a patient with glioblastoma, we found that 11C-PK 11195 binding was two-fold higher in the tumor than in(More)
With the use of positron emission tomography (PET) and the 15O steady-state-[18F]fluorodeoxyglucose combined method, the local interrelationships between the cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen (CMRO2) and the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose ( CMRGlc ) were investigated in control subjects and in stroke patients. In addition to the classic in vivo(More)
Local cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen consumption (CMRO2), and glucose utilization (CMR-Glc) have been measured in three patients by positron emission tomography (PET), together with continuous inhalation of oxygen-15-labeled gases and i.v. injection of [18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose. In normal brain, the close local coupling between CBF and CMR-Glc, and(More)
Using position emission tomography (PET) and equilibrium imaging with oxygen-15 labelled gases, the cerebral blood flow (CBF), blood volume (CBV), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and oxygen consumption rate (CMRO2) were measured in multiple regions of interest over the cerebral cortex of 5 control subjects, 4 patients with strictly unilateral longstanding(More)