Christian Clément

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We developed a new monoclonal antibody. B-B4, which specifically identifies human plasma cells. It strongly reacts with all multiple myeloma cell lines and with malignant plasma cells of all tumour samples of the multiple myeloma patients tested. B-B4 does not react with any peripheral blood, bone marrow or tonsil cells. Cloning of the B-B4 antigen reveals(More)
It is becoming increasingly clear that herpesviruses can exploit the endocytic pathway to infect cells, yet several important features of this process remain poorly defined. Using herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) as a model, we demonstrate that endocytosis of the virions mimic many features of phagocytosis. During entry, HSV-1 virions associated with plasma(More)
Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) infection of human brain cells induces changes in gene expression favorable to the propagation of the infecting agent and detrimental to the function of the host cells. We report that infection of human primary neural cells with a high phenotypic reactivator HSV-1 (17syn+) induces upregulation of a brain-enriched microRNA(More)
This review was performed to assess variations in background observations in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) originating from three breeding centres located in Mauritius, The Philippines and Vietnam. The data and tissue samples from 90 cynomolgus monkeys (approximately evenly distributed between the three sources) comprising the control groups(More)
Human brains harbor herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) DNA, which normally remains quiescent throughout many decades of life. HSV-1 is associated with viral encephalopathy and with the amyloid beta 42 (Abeta42) peptide-enriched lesions that characterize Alzheimer's disease neuropathology. Here we report that infection of human neuronal-glial cells in(More)
1 Department of Microbiology, Immunology & Parasitology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA 2 LSU Neuroscience Center, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA 3 Department of Ophthalmology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA 4 Alchem Biotek, Toronto, ON, Canada 5(More)
Low levels of CD2 have been described on subsets of monocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. CD2 is expressed on about one-third of circulating monocytes, at levels one-half log lower than on T or NK cells, representing 2-4% of PBMC. FACS analysis of CD2+ and CD2- monocytes revealed no significant difference in the expression of adhesion molecules(More)
Beyond their critical role in thrombosis, platelets perform important functions in vascular remodeling, inflammation, and wound repair. Many of these functions are executed by molecules expressed by activated platelets. A novel molecule, activated-platelet protein-1 (APP-1), was identified by a monoclonal antibody against activated rabbit platelets. When(More)
PURPOSE To present a review supporting and refuting evidence from mouse, rabbit, nonhuman primate, and human studies of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) concerning corneal latency. METHODS More than 50 research articles on HSV-1 published in peer-reviewed journals were examined. RESULTS Infectious HSV-1 has been found in mouse denervated tissues and(More)
Heparan sulphate (HS) 3-O-sulphotransferase transfers sulphate to the 3-OH position of the glucosamine residue of HS to form 3-O-sulphated HS. The HS modified by 3-O-sulphotransferase isoform 3 binds to HSV-1 (herpes simplex virus type 1) gD (envelope glycoprotein D), and the resultant 3-O-sulphated HS serves as an entry receptor for HSV-1. In the present(More)