Christian Cibert

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BACKGROUND It is generally assumed that the migration of anterior visceral endoderm (AVE) cells from a distal to a proximal position at embryonic day (E)5.5 breaks the radial symmetry of the mouse embryo, marks anterior, and conditions the formation of the primitive streak on the opposite side at E6.5. Transverse sections of a gastrulating mouse embryo fit(More)
The waveform of the flagellum of the sea urchin spermatozoon is mainly planar, but its 3D-properties were evoked for dynamic reasons and described as helical. In 1975, the apparent twisting pattern of the sea urchin axoneme was described [Gibbons I. 1975. The molecular basis of flagellar motility in sea urchin spermatozoa. In: Inoué S, Stephens R, editors.(More)
Mutations of the survival motor neuron gene SMN1 cause the inherited disease spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). The ubiquitous SMN protein facilitates the biogenesis of spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). The protein is detected in the cytoplasm, nucleoplasm and enriched with snRNPs in nuclear Cajal bodies. It is structurally divided into at(More)
A key role in the regulation of membrane traffic is played by the rab proteins, members of a family of ras-related small GTP-binding proteins. This family comprises at least 25 identified members, the intracellular localization of only a few of which has been investigated. rab6p has been shown to be distributed along the exocytic pathway in association with(More)
In the current study we describe the changes of overall organization of lens fiber cells in connexin 46 (Cx46) and connexin 50 (Cx50) knockout mice. Morphometric analyses and the application of immunocytochemical techniques revealed that in Cx46 knockout lens (Cx46 -/-), where Cx50 is expressed alone, the postnatal differentiation of secondary fiber cells(More)
Radial spokes and the consequences of their relationships with the central apparatus seem to play a very important role in the regulation of axonemal activity. We modeled their behavior and observed that it appears to differ in the cilium and the flagellum with respect to the development of bending as a function of time. Specifically, our calculation raises(More)
The "9+2" axoneme is a highly specific cylindrical machine whose periodic bending is due to the cumulative shear of its 9 outer doublets of microtubules. Because of the discrete architecture of the tubulin monomers and the active appendices that the outer doublets carry (dynein arms, nexin links and radial spokes), this movement corresponds to the relative(More)
The functions of the nexin links of a flagellar axoneme have not been clearly demonstrated. Taking into account both the elastic (Hookean) characteristics and the possible jump of the nexin links, we calculated the sliding to bending conversion of a theoretical model in a tip-ward direction step by step, according to the essential principles proposed by the(More)
The axoneme is the skeleton and motor axis of flagella and cilia in eukaryotic organisms. Basically it consists of a series of longitudinal fibers (outer doublets of microtubules) that design a cylinder and whose sliding, due to the coordinated activities of dedicated molecular motors (the dynein arms), is converted into a bending because outer doublets(More)