Christian Carrière

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We conducted a molecular epidemiology study on 120 Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from patients presenting pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in Burkina Faso. Classical antibiogram studies and genetic characterization, using mycobacterial interspersed repetitive-unit-variable-number tandem-repeat (MIRU-VNTR) typing and spoligotyping, were applied after(More)
OBJECTIVE To extend our previous work on evaluating the use of oligonucleotide arrays to discriminate colonization from infection owing to Staphylococcus aureus in diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Patients admitted to 14 French diabetic foot departments for a DFU were screened for entry into the study. At admission, ulcers were(More)
HIV-1 infection and HIV-1-induced immune deficiency may play a role in selecting particular Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains (i.e. genotypes). We compared 43 MTB isolates obtained from HIV-1-infected patients with 77 MTB isolates obtained from HIV-1-uninfected patients in Burkina Faso, by means of DNA fingerprinting methods (MIRU-VNTR plus(More)
BACKGROUND Nothing is known about the epidemiology and resistance mechanisms of extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in Burkina Faso. The objective of this study was to determine ESBL-PE prevalence and to characterize ESBL genes in Burkina Faso. METHODS During 2 months (June-July 2014), 1602 clinical samples were sent for(More)
The agar dilution method is currently considered as the reference method for Mycobacterium marinum drug susceptibility testing (DST). As it is time-consuming, alternative methods, such as the E-test, were evaluated for M. marinum DST, but without success. The SLOMYCO Sensititre® panel, recently commercialized by TREK Diagnostic Systems (Cleveland, OH), can(More)
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