Christian C Seifarth

Learn More
Tolerogenic activity of myeloid dendritic cells (DC) has so far been attributed mostly to immature or semi-mature differentiation stages but never to their precursor cells. Although myeloid suppressor cells (MSC) have been isolated ex vivo, their developmental relationship to DC and their precise phenotype remained elusive. Here, we describe the generation(More)
OBJECTIVE Antihypertensive drugs influence the neurohumoral cardiovascular system and the concentration of hormones involved in blood pressure regulation. Little is known, however, about the extent to which various antihypertensive drugs influence cardiovascular hormone concentrations and thus disturb the differential diagnosis of hypertension in clinical(More)
The ratio of serum aldosterone to plasma renin activity (PRA) has been proposed as sensitive screening method in the diagnosis of primary aldosteronism under random conditions. However, the method for determination of renin activity is hampered by the necessity of ice cooling during storage and transport. The present study was therefore conducted to examine(More)
OBJECTIVE It is a common clinical experience that type 2 diabetic patients are susceptible to opportunistic infections. The underlying reasons for this immune deficiency are not yet understood. Dendritic cells (DC) play a key role in initiating innate and adapted immune responses. DESIGN In order to investigate changes in the DC compartment in the(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) as antigen presenting cells play an important role in the initiation of an autoimmune disease like type 1 diabetes. Although there is evidence from the NOD mouse model that the function and frequency of DCs is altered in type 1 diabetes, there is little data on dendritic cells in human type 1 diabetes. We investigated peripheral blood(More)
OBJECTIVES Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and/or insulin resistance (IR) are frequent conditions in women choosing assisted reproduction techniques (ART). However, infertility work-up has to include testing of insulin sensitivity to diagnose IR. It was the aim of the study to analyze the frequency of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or gestational(More)
GLP-1, an incretin hormone of the enteroinsular axis with insulinotropic and glucagonostatic activity, is secreted after nutrient ingestion. GLP-1 is mainly produced by intestinal L-cells in the lower gastrointestinal tract (GIT); simple carbohydrates are absorbed in the upper GIT and alpha-glucosidase inhibition leads to augmented and prolonged GLP-1(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy of metformin for the treatment of obesity has been evaluated in few clinical trials with inconclusive results. Moreover, the effectiveness in a real-life outpatient setting has not been tested until today. In this study we aimed to examine the effectiveness of metformin as a weight reducing drug in obese and overweight patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The precise measurement of osmolality is crucial in the differential diagnosis of disorders of water balance. Storage conditions, and freezing and thawing of serum or plasma samples before osmometry may influence the accuracy of measured values. METHODS A series of serum and plasma samples of 25 healthy young individuals were stored under(More)
Recurrent autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells is a key factor limiting successful islet graft transplantation in type I diabetic patients. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using an Ag-specific plasmid DNA (pDNA)-based strategy to protect pro-islets that had developed from a neonatal pancreas implanted under the kidney(More)