Christian C Abnet

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Esophageal cancer incidence and mortality rates in Linxian, China are among the highest in the world. We examined risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), gastric cardia cancer (GCC), and gastric noncardia cancer (GNCC) in a population-based, prospective study of 29,584 adults who participated in the Linxian General Population Trial. All(More)
We conducted a genome-wide association study of gastric cancer and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in ethnic Chinese subjects in which we genotyped 551,152 SNPs. We report a combined analysis of 2,240 gastric cancer cases, 2,115 ESCC cases and 3,302 controls drawn from five studies. In logistic regression models adjusted for age, sex and study,(More)
Toxicity and histopathology of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in zebrafish (Danio rerio) early life stages was characterized from 12 to 240 hr postfertilization (hpf) following water-borne exposure of newly fertilized eggs. TCDD did not increase egg mortality (0-48 hpf), nor did it affect time to hatching (48-96 hpf). Egg doses of 1.5 ng(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection is an important risk factor for gastric cancer, but <3% of carriers of this organism will ever develop gastric cancer. Since inflammation plays a significant role in gastric carcinogenesis, it has been suggested that polymorphisms in genes involved in inflammatory response may partly explain why only a subgroup of patients(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) mediates the toxicity of 2,3,7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related compounds in vertebrates. To further establish zebrafish as a vertebrate model to study the molecular mechanism of TCDD toxicity, we have isolated and characterized the cDNA encoding the zebrafish aryl hydrocarbon receptor (zfAhR2). Analysis(More)
Objective: To determine if genetic polymorphisms of CYP1A1, GSTM1, GSTP1, or GSTT1 are associated with an increased risk of developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), gastric cardia cancer (GCC), or either in a high-risk Asian population. Methods: We conducted a case-cohort analysis with 5 years of prospective follow-up. The analytical cohort(More)
The population of Linxian in north central China is at high risk for gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCC) and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and chronic inflammation may contribute to this risk. Interleukin-8 (IL8), a potent chemoattractant, has three well-characterized single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), one (-251) of which alters(More)
BACKGROUND Tooth loss has previously been associated with a higher risk of cancer, heart disease, and stroke, but the role of confounding by smoking remains an issue. METHODS We conducted a cohort study including 29,584 healthy, rural Chinese adults who were participants in a chemoprevention trial from 1986 through 1991 and who have been followed-up(More)
In a recently published paper in the "British Medical Journal", a joint collaboration of well-known international scientists represented by Islami et al. has tackled this issue.1 In a well-designed, laborious case-control study in Golestan, Iran, they looked at 300 cases of esophageal SCC and 571 age and sex matched neighborhood controls, assessed the(More)
CONTEXT Previous studies indicate that the population attributable risk (PAR) of bladder cancer for tobacco smoking is 50% to 65% in men and 20% to 30% in women and that current cigarette smoking triples bladder cancer risk relative to never smoking. During the last 30 years, incidence rates have remained stable in the United States in men (123.8 per(More)