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Patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) show heterogeneous treatment outcomes. We used gene-expression profiling to develop a gene signature that predicts overall survival (OS) in CN-AML. Based on data from 163 patients treated in the German AMLCG 1999 trial and analyzed on oligonucleotide microarrays, we used supervised(More)
Several studies point to multiple members of the Hox transcription factor family as playing key roles in normal hematopoietic development, and they link the imbalanced expression of these transcription factors, in particular of the Abd-like A cluster HOX genes HOXA9 and HOXA10, to leukemogenesis. To test directly the hypothesis that HOXA10 is involved in(More)
Canonical Wnt signaling is critically involved in normal hematopoietic development and the self-renewal process of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Deregulation of this pathway has been linked to a large variety of cancers, including different subtypes of leukemia. Lef-1 is a major transcription factor of this pathway and plays a pivotal role in lymphoid(More)
The mechanisms underlying deregulation of HOX gene expression in AML are poorly understood. The ParaHox gene CDX2 was shown to act as positive upstream regulator of several HOX genes. In this study, constitutive expression of Cdx2 caused perturbation of leukemogenic Hox genes such as Hoxa10 and Hoxb8 in murine hematopoietic progenitors. Deletion of the(More)
Refractoriness to induction chemotherapy and relapse after achievement of remission are the main obstacles to cure in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). After standard induction chemotherapy, patients are assigned to different post-remission strategies on the basis of cytogenetic and molecular abnormalities that broadly define adverse, intermediate and(More)
Hematopoiesis depends on a tightly controlled balance of self-renewal, proliferation, cell death and differentiation. Although the disturbance of this equilibrium creates a predisposition to leukemogenesis, targeted manipulation or modulation can in turn lead to therapeutic advances. In addition to chromosomal aberrations and frequently mutated genes such(More)
UNLABELLED Over the past years growing knowledge about biological processes and pathways revealed complex interaction networks involving many genes. In order to understand these networks, analysis of differential expression has continuously moved from single genes towards the study of gene sets. Various approaches for the assessment of gene sets have been(More)
Activation of CXC-motif-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) signaling by the chemokine CXCL12 (also known as SDF-1α) plays a key role in many physiological processes including organogenesis, hematopoiesis, and immune responses. Consequently, CXCR4 or CXCL12 knockouts in mice are embryonic lethal because of impaired hematopoiesis, defects in organ development, and(More)
BACKGROUND The development of expression-based gene signatures for predicting prognosis or class membership is a popular and challenging task. Besides their stringent validation, signatures need a functional interpretation and must be placed in a biological context. Popular tools such as Gene Set Enrichment have drawbacks because they are restricted to(More)