Christian Burkhardt

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BACKGROUND Histamine has a short-term, transient, stimulating effect on endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity; however, long-term effects on eNOS have not been described yet. In addition, the vascular effect of histamine seems to depend critically on eNOS functionality. Therefore, we studied the effects of histamine on eNOS gene expression and(More)
The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) has recently been developed as a fast and easy cognitive screening tool specifically designed for patients with motor impairments in routine clinical use. The German/Swiss-German version of the ECAS was validated in a German-Swiss consortium. One hundred and thirty-six non-demented ALS patients and(More)
Background—Generation of the second-messenger molecule ceramide by stimulated sphingomyelinase activity has been implicated in the inflammatory processes contributing to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, reports of stimulatory effects of ceramide on endothelial NO production in animal models suggest antiatherosclerotic effects of the molecule.(More)
BACKGROUND Motor Unit Number Index (MUNIX) is a novel neurophysiological measure that provides an index of the number of functional lower motor neurons in a given muscle. So far its performance across centres in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE To perform longitudinal MUNIX recordings in a set of(More)
The Cooperative Mission Development Environment (CMDE) is a middleware approach to represent heterogeneous applications and databases as homogeneous objects for transparent data access. In order to maintain data and application independence as well as maximize flexibility, a three-tiered client/server architecture was designed. This paper examines the(More)
INTRODUCTION Motor unit number index (MUNIX) is a quick and feasible electrophysiological technique that estimates the number of motor neurons in limb muscles in healthy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) subjects. In this study we explored the feasibility, reliability, and differences of MUNIX in nasalis muscles in healthy subjects and ALS patients.(More)
The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) has been developed to assess cognition and behaviour in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Cognitive impairments of ALS-specific and ALS-non-specific functions can be determined using cut-off scores based on performance of healthy subjects. However, detailed analyses show that older(More)
BACKGROUND Motor Unit Number Index (MUNIX) is a neurophysiological measure that provides an index of the number of lower motor neurons in a muscle. Its performance across centres in healthy subjects and patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) has been established, but inter-rater variability between multiple raters in one single subject has not(More)
Weight loss is increasingly considered as a negative prognostic marker in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Despite the critical importance of nutritional issues in ALS, and the common use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), there is a general lack of knowledge on peri-interventional treatment, optimal parameters of enteral nutrition, its(More)
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