Christian Bruns

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Immunosuppressant drugs such as cyclosporin have allowed widespread organ transplantation, but their utility remains limited by toxicities, and they are ineffective in chronic management of autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis. In contrast, the immune modulating drug FTY720 is efficacious in a variety of transplant and autoimmune models without(More)
Somatostatins — also known as somatotropin-release inhibiting factors (SRIFs) — are a family of cyclopeptides that have broad inhibitory effects on the secretion of hormones such as growth hormone, insulin and glucagon. These effects have formed the basis for the clinical use of SRIF analogues in the treatment of acromegaly and endocrine tumours. The(More)
The β2 integrin leukocyte function antigen-1 (LFA-1) has an important role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Here we report that statin compounds commonly used for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia selectively blocked LFA-1–mediated adhesion and costimulation of lymphocytes. This effect was unrelated to the statins'(More)
FTY720 is an immunomodulator with demonstrated efficacy in a phase II trial of relapsing multiple sclerosis. FTY720-phosphate, the active metabolite generated upon phosphorylation in vivo, acts as a potent agonist on four of the five known sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P(1)) receptors. AUY954, an aminocarboxylate analog of FTY720, is a low nanomolar,(More)
Lymphocyte trafficking is critically regulated by the Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1P(1)), a G protein-coupled receptor that has been highlighted as a promising therapeutic target in autoimmunity. Fingolimod (FTY720, Gilenya) is a S1P(1) receptor agonist that has recently been approved for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, we report(More)
The neuropeptide somatostatin (SRIF) is widely expressed in the brain and in the periphery in two main forms, SRIF-14 and SRIF-28. Similarly, the presence of SRIF receptors throughout the whole body has been reported. SRIF produces a variety of effects including modulation of hormone release (e.g. GH, glucagon, insulin), of neurotransmitter release (e.g.(More)
OBJECTIVE Currently, there is no effective medical treatment for patients with pituitary-dependent Cushing's disease. A novel somatostatin (SS) analogue, named SOM230, with high binding affinity to SS receptor subtypes sst(1), sst(2), sst(3) and sst(5) was recently introduced. We compared the in vitro effects of the sst(2)-preferring SS analogue octreotide(More)
The design, synthesis, and the biological evaluation of 2-benzamido-pyrimidines as novel IKK inhibitors are described. By optimization of the lead compound 3, compounds 16 and 24 are identified as good inhibitors of IKK2 with IC(50) values of 40 and 25 nM, respectively. Compound 16 also demonstrated significant in vivo activity in an acute model of cytokine(More)
In situ hybridization histochemistry was performed to analyse the distribution of the messenger RNA (mRNA) of three putative somatostatin (SRIF) receptors in rat brain, using oligonucleotide probes derived from the cDNA coding for SSTR-1, SSTR-2, and SSTR-3 receptors. SSTR-1 signals were found in layers VVI of the cerebral cortex, in primary olfactory(More)
Treatment with the somatostatin receptor (sst) subtype 2 predominant analogs octreotide and lanreotide induces clinical and biochemical cure in approximately 65% of acromegalic patients. GH-secreting pituitary adenomas, which are not controlled, also express sst(5). We compared the acute effects of octreotide and SOM230, a new somatostatin analog with high(More)