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An adjustable computerized atlas of the human brain has been developed, which can be adapted to fit individual anatomy. It is primarily intended for positron emission tomography (PET) but may also be used for single photon emission CT, transmission CT, magnetic resonance imaging, and neuroimaging-based procedures, such as stereotactic surgery and(More)
We measured regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) with positron emission tomography to study changes in anatomical structures during the course of learning a complicated finger sequence of voluntary movements. Motor learning was accompanied by rCBF increases in the cerebellum, decreases in all limbic and paralimbic structures, and striatal decreases which(More)
The computerized brain atlas programme (CBA) provides a powerful tool for the anatomical analysis of functional images obtained with positron emission tomography (PET). With a repertoire of simple transformations, the data base of the CBA is first adapted to the anatomy of the subject's brain represented as a set of magnetic resonance (MR) or computed(More)
CBA, a software tool used to improve quantification and evaluation of neuroimaging data has been developed. It uses a detailed 3-dimensional brain atlas that can be adapted to fit the brain of an individual patient represented by a series of displayed images. Anatomical information from the atlas can then be introduced into the images. If the patient has(More)
A "deconvolution" algorithm for the determination of the scatter contribution in positron emission tomography is described. The projected distributions of scattered radiation measured with a line source at different positions in water phantoms are described analytically. It is shown that an integral transformation of the observed projections with a slightly(More)
A computerized brain atlas, adjustable to the patient's anatomy, has been developed. It is primarily intended for use in positron emission tomography (PET), but may also be employed in other fields utilizing neuro-imaging, such as stereotactic surgery. The atlas is based on anatomic information obtained from digitized cryosectioned cadaver brains. It can be(More)
We report on the observation of two neutrino-induced events which have an estimated deposited energy in the IceCube detector of 1.04±0.16 and 1.14±0.17 PeV, respectively, the highest neutrino energies observed so far. These events are consistent with fully contained particle showers induced by neutral-current ν(e,μ,τ) (ν(e,μ,τ)) or charged-current ν(e)(More)
This paper describes the algorithms for the reconstruction and identification of electrons in the central region of the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). These algorithms were used for all ATLAS results with electrons in the final state that are based on the 2012 pp collision data produced by the LHC at [Formula: see text] = 8 [Formula: see(More)
This report describes a strategy for measurement of regional CBF that rigorously accounts for differing tracer partition coefficients and recirculation, and is convenient for use with positron emission tomography. Based on the Kety model, the measured tissue concentration can be expressed in terms of the arterial concentration, the rate constant K, and the(More)