Christian Blex

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The circadian clock has been implicated in addiction and several forms of depression [1, 2], indicating interactions between the circadian and the reward systems in the brain [3-5]. Rewards such as food, sex, and drugs influence this system in part by modulating dopamine neurotransmission in the mesolimbic dopamine reward circuit, including the ventral(More)
The activity of vesicular monoamine transporters (VMATs) is down-regulated by the G-protein alpha-subunits of G(o2) and G(q), but the signaling pathways are not known. We show here that no such regulation is observed when VMAT1 or VMAT2 are expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. However, when the intracellular compartments of VMAT-expressing CHO(More)
The alpha-subunits of the trimeric Go class of GTPases, comprising the splice variants Go1alpha and Go2alpha, are abundantly expressed in brain and reside on both plasma membrane and synaptic vesicles. Go2alpha is involved in the vesicular storage of monoamines but its physiological relevance is still obscure. We now show that genetic depletion of Go2alpha(More)
Neurotransmitters of neurons and neuroendocrine cells are concentrated first in the cytosol and then in either small synaptic vesicles ofpresynaptic terminals or in secretory vesicles by the activity of specific transporters of the plasma and the vesicular membrane, respectively. In the central nervous system the postsynaptic response depends--amongst other(More)
Ca(2+)-dependent activator proteins of secretion (CAPS) 1 and 2 are essential regulators of synaptic vesicle and large dense core vesicle priming in mammalian neurons and neuroendocrine cells. CAPS1 appears to have an additional and as yet unexplained function in vesicular catecholamine uptake or storage as CAPS1-deficient chromaffin cells exhibit strongly(More)
Dephosphorylation of NFAT by the Ca(2+)-calmodulin-dependent Ser/Thr protein phosphatase calcineurin is a bottleneck of T cell receptor-dependent activation of T cells. In dimeric complexes with immunophilins, the immunosuppressants cyclosporine A (CsA) and tacrolimus (FK506) block this process by inhibition of the enzymatic activity of calcineurin. We have(More)
The α-subunit of Go2 is a regulator of dopamine (DA) homeostasis. Deletion of the protein results in an imbalance of the direct and indirect DA pathway by reducing D1 and increasing D2 receptors. As a result, cocaine-induced behavioral sensitization is abolished. Here we show that repeated amphetamine injections in Go2α-/- mice induced a similar D1/D2(More)
The profiling of subproteomes from complex mixtures on the basis of small molecule interactions shared by members of protein families or small molecule interaction domains present in a subset of proteins is an increasingly important approach in functional proteomics. Capture Compound Mass Spectrometry (CCMS) is a novel technology to address this issue. CCs(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors such as suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) are not commonly used in clinical practice for treatment of B-cell lymphomas, although a subset of patients with refractory or relapsed B-cell lymphoma achieved partial or complete remissions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify molecular features that(More)
INTRODUCTION The approved analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen and indometacin block the small GTPase RhoA, a key enzyme that impedes axonal sprouting after axonal damage. Inhibition of the Rho pathway in a central nervous system-effective manner requires higher dosages compared with orthodox cyclooxygenase-blocking effects. Preclinical studies(More)