Christian Bjørnskov

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We consider the empirical relevance of two opposing hypotheses on the causality between income and democracy: The Democratic Transition hypothesis claims that rising incomes cause a transition to democracy, whereas the Critical Junctures hypothesis denies this causal relation. Our empirical strategy is motivated by Unified Growth Theory, which hypothesizes(More)
While much attention has been devoted to analyzing how the institutional framework and entrepreneurship impact growth, how economic policy and institutional design affect entrepreneurship appears to be much less analyzed. We try to explain crosscountry differences in the level of entrepreneurship by differences in economic policy and institutional design.(More)
This paper explores a wide range of crosscountry determinants of life satisfaction exploiting a database of 90,000 observations in 70 countries. We distinguish four groups of aggregate variables as potential determinants of satisfaction: political, economic, institutional, and human development and culture. We use ordered probit to investigate the(More)
This paper revisits the standard finding in individual-level studies that happiness leads to longevity. It does so in a cross-country time-series analysis in which the use of a random effects estimator controls for most relevant time-invariant factors. The findings suggest that happiness is negatively associated with longevity at the national level, and(More)
  • Thomas Barnebeck Andersen, Jeanet Bentzen, Carl-Johan Dalgaard, Pablo Selaya, Phil Abbot, Shekhar Aiyar +22 others
  • 2010
The Internet is often claimed to be a powerful anti-corruption technology. In theory, the Internet raises information levels and thus detection risks. Further, by enabling e-government, it obviates bureaucrats' intermediary role in the provision of public services and increases transparency. To examine the Inter-net/corruption nexus empirically, we develop(More)
This paper examines how political ideology influenced economic freedom in the Canadian provinces. We analyze the dataset of economic freedom indicators compiled by the Fraser Institute in 10 Canadian provinces over the 1981-2005 period and introduce two different indices of political ideology: government and parliament ideology. The results suggest that(More)
By now, nine out of ten countries have included emergency provisions into their constitutions. These provisions remain poorly understood. This paper therefore aims at providing first answers to three questions: 1) which particular provisions are most often included in emergency constitutions; 2) how much additional discretionary power do emergency(More)
Social and cultural determinants of economic institutions and outcomes have come to the forefront of economic research. We introduce religiosity, measured as the share for which religion is important in daily life, to explain institutional quality in the form of property rights and the rule of law. Previous studies have only measured the impact of(More)
Using the POLITY IV and Freedom House indices, Rowley and Smith (2009) found that countries with Muslim majorities enjoy less freedom and are less democratic than countries in which Muslims are a minority. Because the POLITY IV and Freedom House indices have been criticized on several grounds, I reinvestigate Rowley and Smith´s finding using the new(More)