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Heart diseases are the most common causes of morbidity and death in humans. Using cardiac-specific RNAi-silencing in Drosophila, we knocked down 7061 evolutionarily conserved genes under conditions of stress. We present a first global roadmap of pathways potentially playing conserved roles in the cardiovascular system. One critical pathway identified was(More)
We investigated levels and compositions of N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) and their precursors, N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamines (N-acyl PEs), in a rat stroke model applying striatal microdialysis for glutamate assay. Rats (n = 18) were treated with either intravenous saline (control), NMDA receptor antagonist MK801 (1 mg/kg), or CB1 receptor antagonist(More)
Drosophila neuroblasts (NBs) have emerged as a model for stem cell biology that is ideal for genetic analysis but is limited by the lack of cell-type-specific gene expression data. Here, we describe a method for isolating large numbers of pure NBs and differentiating neurons that retain both cell-cycle and lineage characteristics. We determine(More)
To assess the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on glutamate and interleukin-6 (IL-6) release in the striatum of rats suffering from cerebral ischemia, we used the microdialysis technique with probes implanted 2 h prior to stroke onset. A total of 36 rats were randomly assigned to either temporary (90 min, n=18) or permanent (n=18) middle cerebral(More)
Moderate hypothermia and application of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have separately been identified as neuroprotective strategies in experimental cerebral ischemia. To assess their separate and combined effects on striatal glutamate release in the hyperacute phase of stroke, we inserted microdialysis probes into the striatum of rats 2 h before(More)
Background: Cerebral microdialysis has been established as a monitoring tool in neurocritically ill patients suffering from severe stroke. The technique allows to sample small molecules in the brain tissue for subsequent biochemical analysis. In this study, we investigated the proteomic profile of human cerebral microdialysate and if the identified proteins(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Both the administration of growth factors and physical therapy such as forced arm use (FAU) are promising approaches to enhance recovery after stroke. We explored the effects of these therapies on behavioral recovery and molecular markers of regeneration after experimental ischemia. METHODS Rats were subjected to photothrombotic(More)
Pronounced forward flexion of the trunk, often termed camptocormia, is a typical symptom of patients with Parkinson's disease. In 4 parkinsonian patients with camptocormia, paraspinal muscles were studied by electromyography (EMG) and axial computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and muscle biopsy. EMG of the lumbar and(More)
A replication fork barrier (RFB) at the 3' end of eukaryotic ribosomal RNA genes blocks bidirectional fork progression and limits DNA replication to the same direction as transcription. We have reproduced the RFB in vitro in HeLa cell extracts using 3' terminal murine rDNA fused to an SV40 origin-based vector. The RFB is polar and modularly organized,(More)
Pleiotropic mechanisms beyond their cholesterol lowering effect of 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors or statins such as pravastatin are known. We used a temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model in 114 Wistar rats to assess i) whether repeated injections of various doses of pravastatin (0.1, 0.5, 1 and 2(More)