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BACKGROUND Excitotoxic insults such as stroke may induce release of fatty acid ethanolamides (FAEs), contributing to the downstream events in the ischemic cascade. We therefore studied release of FAEs such as anandamide, palmitylethanolamide (PEA), and oleylethanolamide (OEA) in the brain of a patient suffering from malignant hemispheric infarction treated(More)
We investigated levels and compositions of N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) and their precursors, N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamines (N-acyl PEs), in a rat stroke model applying striatal microdialysis for glutamate assay. Rats (n = 18) were treated with either intravenous saline (control), NMDA receptor antagonist MK801 (1 mg/kg), or CB1 receptor antagonist(More)
To assess the effects of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on glutamate and interleukin-6 (IL-6) release in the striatum of rats suffering from cerebral ischemia, we used the microdialysis technique with probes implanted 2 h prior to stroke onset. A total of 36 rats were randomly assigned to either temporary (90 min, n=18) or permanent (n=18) middle cerebral(More)
Moderate hypothermia and application of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have separately been identified as neuroprotective strategies in experimental cerebral ischemia. To assess their separate and combined effects on striatal glutamate release in the hyperacute phase of stroke, we inserted microdialysis probes into the striatum of rats 2 h before(More)
Background: Cerebral microdialysis has been established as a monitoring tool in neurocritically ill patients suffering from severe stroke. The technique allows to sample small molecules in the brain tissue for subsequent biochemical analysis. In this study, we investigated the proteomic profile of human cerebral microdialysate and if the identified proteins(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Both the administration of growth factors and physical therapy such as forced arm use (FAU) are promising approaches to enhance recovery after stroke. We explored the effects of these therapies on behavioral recovery and molecular markers of regeneration after experimental ischemia. METHODS Rats were subjected to photothrombotic(More)
Pronounced forward flexion of the trunk, often termed camptocormia, is a typical symptom of patients with Parkinson's disease. In 4 parkinsonian patients with camptocormia, paraspinal muscles were studied by electromyography (EMG) and axial computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and muscle biopsy. EMG of the lumbar and(More)
Pleiotropic mechanisms beyond their cholesterol lowering effect of 3-hydroxy 3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors or statins such as pravastatin are known. We used a temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model in 114 Wistar rats to assess i) whether repeated injections of various doses of pravastatin (0.1, 0.5, 1 and 2(More)
The rewarming phase after therapeutic hypothermia in cerebral ischemia appears crucial as rapid rewarming may lead to rebound phenomena and enhance deleterious ischemic effects. We hypothesized that slow and controlled rewarming after moderate hypothermia is superior to fast rewarming in rats subjected to 90 min temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion(More)
Whether cannabinoids act as neuroprotectants or, on the contrary, even worsen neuronal damage after cerebral ischemia is currently under discussion. We have previously shown that treatment with the cannabinoid (CB1) receptor antagonist SR141716A reduces infarct volume by approximately 40% after experimental stroke. Since it is suggested that SR141716A may(More)