Christian Arán Fernández

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Glucocorticoids are universally used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and resistance to glucocorticoids in leukemia cells confers poor prognosis. To elucidate mechanisms of glucocorticoid resistance, we determined the prednisolone sensitivity of primary leukemia cells from 444 patients newly diagnosed with ALL and found significantly(More)
We have previously hypothesized that higher systemic exposure to asparaginase may cause increased exposure to dexamethasone, both critical chemotherapeutic agents for acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Whether interpatient pharmaco-kinetic differences in dexamethasone contribute to relapse risk has never been studied. The impact of plasma clearance of(More)
Glucocorticoids are important therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and their major adverse effect is osteonecrosis. Our goal was to identify genetic and nongenetic risk factors for osteonecrosis. We performed a genome-wide association study of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in a discovery cohort comprising 2285 children with ALL, treated(More)
A novel class of PEGylated polyacridine peptides was developed that mediate potent stimulated gene transfer in the liver of mice. Polyacridine peptides, (Acr-X)(n)-Cys-polyethylene glycol (PEG), possessing 2-6 repeats of Lys-acridine (Acr) spaced by either Lys, Arg, Leu or Glu, were Cys derivatized with PEG (PEG(5000 kDa)) and evaluated as in vivo gene(More)
A novel nonviral gene delivery vector composed of a high-mannose N-glycan conjugated to a polyacridine peptide was prepared. The glycopeptide was designed to bind to plasmid DNA by a combination of polyintercalation and ionic binding, and to the DC-SIGN (dendritic cell-specific intracellular adhesion molecule-3 grabbing nonintegrin) receptor expressed on(More)
A murine model was developed that recapitulates key features of clinical hypersensitivity to Escherichia coli asparaginase. Sensitized mice developed high levels of anti-asparaginase IgG antibodies and had immediate hypersensitivity reactions to asparaginase upon challenge. Sensitized mice had complete inhibition of plasma asparaginase activity (P = 4.2 ×(More)
Chronic use of opioid analgesics has been hindered by the development of opioid addiction and tolerance. We have reported that curcumin, a natural flavonoid from the rhizome of Curcuma longa, attenuated opioid tolerance, although the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that curcumin may inhibit Ca 21(More)
Acknowledgements This report presents the findings of Belarus HIV/AIDS resource tracking exercise for the financial years 2008-2011. The report is a product of a continuous collaborative effort of the Ministry of Health, UNAIDS and UNDP country offices in Belarus in HIV resource tracking. The report aims to encourage discussions around HIV resources(More)
Acknowledgements We would like to thank health care organizations, institutions, HIV/AIDS authorities in Dehong Prefecture of Yunnan Province, China for their effort and commitment in providing information for conducting National AIDS Spending Assessment. Without their contribution this report would not have been possible. Background Comprehensive(More)