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  • Ana Cecília Côrrea Aranha, Carlos de Paula Eduardo, Norbert Gutknecht, Márcia Martins Marques, Karen Müller Ramalho, Christian Apel
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Microscopy research and technique
  • 2007 (First Publication: 1 August 2007)
  • The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the interaction pattern of adhesive systems on laser and bur cavities. Cavities were prepared according to the following groups (n=9): (G1)Expand
  • Marcella Esteves-Oliveira, C Pasaporti, Nicole Heussen, Carlos Paula Eduardo, F M Lampert, Christian Apel
  • Materials Science, Medicine
  • Journal of dentistry
  • 2011 (First Publication: 1 June 2011)
  • OBJECTIVES The aims of the present study were to investigate whether irradiation with a CO(2) laser could prevent surface softening (i) in sound and (ii) in already softened enamel in vitro. Expand
  • Norbert Gutknecht, D C van Gogswaardt, Georg Conrads, Christian Apel, Claus Schubert, Friedrich Lampert
  • Medicine
  • Journal of clinical laser medicine & surgery
  • 2000 (First Publication: 1 April 2000)
  • OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial effect of a diode laser in deep root canal dentin. BACKGROUND DATA The microbial colonization of root canal dentin can lead toExpand