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The contribution of seven known and nine predicted genes or operons associated with multidrug resistance to the susceptibility of Escherichia coli W3110 was assessed for 20 different classes of antimicrobial compounds that include antibiotics, antiseptics, detergents, and dyes. Strains were constructed with deletions for genes in the major facilitator(More)
A phylogenetic analysis is provided for representatives of more than one hundred species of the catfish family Loricariidae, including nearly all genera of the subfamilies Neoplecostominae and Hypoptopomatinae. This analysis is based on fragments of the subunit 1 of the cytochrome c oxidase gene (COI), the recombination activating genes 1 (RAG1) and 2(More)
DNA hybridization data and aminoglycoside resistance profiles (AGRPs) were determined for 4,088 clinical isolates from three studies (United States, Belgium, and Argentina). The correlation between susceptibility profiles and hybridization results was determined with nine DNA probes. For each of the seven aminoglycoside resistance profiles which we were(More)
Enterococcus faecium strain 9631355 was isolated from animal sources on the basis of its resistance to the growth promotant avilamycin. The strain also exhibited high-level resistance to evernimicin, a drug undergoing evaluation as a therapeutic agent in humans. Ribosomes from strain 9631355 exhibited a dramatic reduction in evernimicin binding, shown by(More)
The gene encoding a 6'-N-acetyltransferase, AAC(6')-II, was cloned from Pseudomonas aeruginosa plasmid pSCH884. This gene mediates resistance to gentamicin, tobramycin, and netilmicin but not amikacin or isepamicin. The DNA sequence of the gene and flanking regions was determined. The 5'- and 3'-flanking sequences showed near identity to sequences found(More)
The in vitro activities of three new 8-methoxychlortetracyclines, Sch 36969, 33256 and 34164 were compared to tetracycline, minocycline and doxycycline. Against aerobic Gram-negative rods Sch 36969 had a geometric mean MIC (GMM) of 4.2 micrograms/ml, about 8-fold more potent than Sch 33256, and similar to all the other compounds. Sch 36969 also had good(More)
Approximately two-dozen species in three genera of the Neotropical suckermouth armored catfish family Loricariidae are the only described fishes known to specialize on diets consisting largely of wood. We conducted a molecular phylogenetic analysis of 10 described species and 14 undescribed species or morphotypes assigned to the wood-eating catfish genus(More)
Panaqolus tankei is described from the Xingu River, Brazil. The new species is diagnosed from P. albomaculatus, P. dentex, P. nix, P. nocturnus, and P. koko by its color pattern consisting of dark and light diagonal bars on the body and bands on the fins (vs. body and fins without bars or bands); from P. albivermis, P. maccus, and P. purusiensis by the(More)
In vitro studies were performed with 74 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates which were collected during a multicenter trial. The isolates were obtained from 70 patients who had been treated with netilmicin as the only antipseudomonal antibiotic. Clinically, 83% of the patients were cured or improved, and 64% of the Pseudomonas isolates were eliminated by(More)
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