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The present study was undertaken to examine the possibility that cerebral energy metabolism can be fueled by lactate. As a sole energy substrate, lactate supported normal synaptic function in rat hippocampal slices for hours without any sign of deterioration. Slices that were synaptically silent as a result of glucose depletion could be reactivated with(More)
In vitro brain slices are the preparation of choice for the detailed examination of local circuit properties in mammalian brain. However it is the investigator's responsibility to verify that the circuits under investigation are indeed confined within the boundaries of the functional region of the slice used. The medium in which the slice is maintained is(More)
The brain slice preparation offers a unique opportunity to study synaptic function in vitro. Employing electrophysiological methods to measure synaptic activity, we manipulated the extracellular environment of the rat hippocampal slice preparation: (1) by exposing it to different degrees of hypoxia, (2) by changing the levels of glucose, (3) lactate, and(More)
The rat hippocampal slice preparation was used in the present study to demonstrate the ability of adult brain tissue to adapt to anoxic and hypoxic conditions. Adaptation was induced by pre-exposure of hippocampal slices to a short (5 min) anoxic episode. The evoked electrical activity of pre-exposed slices recovered from a subsequent, longer anoxic insult,(More)
In vivo models of cerebral ischemia do not fully control for the interacting effects of many variables (e.g., anesthesia, temperature, cerebrovascular changes) and often do not clearly define the region affected. Numerous in vivo studies have indicated that hyperglycemia augments ischemic brain damage; this effect is often attributed to lactic acidosis. To(More)
The rat hippocampal slice preparation was used to study the combined effects of hypoxia and lactic acidosis on neuronal function. Control slices were exposed to a standard hypoxic insult while being perfused with normal artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF). Experimental slices were perfused with ACSF containing 1.0, 2.0, 10.0 or 20.0 mM lactic acid, 30 min(More)
Rat hippocampal slices were used in the present study to assess the effect of a pretreatment with the amino acid taurine on their ability to recover synaptic function following a standardized hypoxic insult. After 10 min hypoxia, 47% of all control (untreated) slices exhibited recovery of synaptic function (orthodromically evoked CA1 population spike). Of(More)
The rat hippocampal slice preparation and its electrophysiology were used to assess the toxicity of two sulfur-containing amino acids, L-cysteate (CA) and L-cysteine (CYS). Both compounds were innocuous under normal conditions but became toxic in energy-deprived (lack of oxygen or glucose) slices. CA and CYS toxicity was apparent as both reduced the number(More)
The rat hippocampal slice preparation was used to evaluate the effect of increasing glucose levels in the perfusion medium on the recovery of synaptic function after a standardized hypoxic insult. Slices exposed to low glucose (5 mM) did not recover from a standard hypoxic insult (10 min of 95% N2/5% CO2 atmosphere). Following the same insult, 39% of the(More)
Prevention of neuron death after peripheral nerve injury is vital to regaining adequate cutaneous innervation density and quality of sensation, and while experimentally proven neuroprotective therapies exist, there lacks suitable clinical outcome measures for translational research. Axotomized dorsal root ganglia (DRG) histologically exhibit volume(More)