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The purpose of the present study is to visualize and quantify dopamine D2 receptors in the living human brain using an 123I-labeled ligand and the single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) technique. S-(-)-Iodobenzamide [S-(-)-IBZM] has been shown to be a highly selective ligand with high affinity for D2 receptors in experimental studies. Five(More)
Detailed pathophysiological findings of secondary damage phenomena after spinal cord injury (SCI) as well as the identification of inhibitory and neurotrophic proteins have yielded a plethora of experimental therapeutic approaches. Main targets are (i) to minimize secondary damage progression (neuroprotection), (ii) to foster axon conduction(More)
BACKGROUND The bcl-2 oncoprotein confers a survival advantage to cells by inhibiting programmed cell death (PCD) or apoptosis. Overexpression of bcl-2 probably plays a role in colorectal carcinogenesis. The aims of our study were to determine bcl-2 expression and PCD index in colorectal adenomas and carcinomas in correlation with p53 expression, Ki-67(More)
Structural and electronic changes (oxidation states) of the Mn(4)Ca complex of photosystem II (PSII) in the water oxidation cycle are of prime interest. For all four transitions between semistable S-states (S(0) --> S(1), S(1) --> S(2), S(2) --> S(3), and S(3),(4) --> S(0)), oxidation state and structural changes of the Mn complex were investigated by X-ray(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of three different alcohol withdrawal therapy regimens in traumatized chronic alcoholic patients with respect to the duration of mechanical ventilation and the frequency of pneumonia and cardiac disorders during their intensive care unit (ICU) stay. DESIGN A prospective, randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial. (More)
The cocaine derivative [123I] beta-CIT binds with high affinity to dopamine uptake sites in the striatum and can be used to visualize dopaminergic nerve terminals in vivo in the human brain with SPECT. It has been validated that the calculation of a simple ratio of specific/nondisplaceable binding during a period of binding-equilibrium in the striatum about(More)
Plants and cyanobacteria produce atmospheric dioxygen from water, powered by sunlight and catalyzed by a manganese complex in photosystem II. A classic S-cycle model for oxygen evolution involves five states, but only four have been identified. The missing S4 state is particularly important because it is directly involved in dioxygen formation. Now progress(More)
The objective of the article is to verify the hypothesis that the dorsal multilevel laminectomy and rod-screw-instrumented fusion (DLF) for multilevel spondylotic cervical myelopathy (MSCM) is less strenuous for patients, and less prone to perioperative complications, than ventral multilevel corpectomy and plate-screw-instrumented fusion (VCF), while(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS We investigated the influence of baseline characteristics of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on prognosis and developed a multivariate Cox model predicting survival. All patients were from Central Europe. METHODS All 245 patients seen at the Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology at the University of Vienna,(More)
A PCR assay was developed for the detection and identification of Candida and Aspergillus species. The design of the oligonucleotide primer pair as well as the species-specific probes used for species identification was derived from a comparison of the sequences of the 18S rRNA genes of various fungal pathogens. The primers targeted a consensus sequence for(More)