Christiaan van der Leij

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BACKGROUND The aetiology of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a prototype immune-mediated inflammatory disorder, is poorly understood. It is currently unknown whether the disease process starts in the synovium, the primary target of RA, or at other sites in the body. OBJECTIVE To examine, in a prospective study, the presence of synovitis in people with an(More)
PURPOSE To determine how many computed tomographic (CT) colonography training studies have to be evaluated by novice readers to obtain an adequate level of competence in polyp detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. Informed consent was obtained from all participants. Six physicians (one radiologist,(More)
OBJECTIVE Findings from previous studies have suggested that subclinical inflammation of the synovium does not coincide with the appearance of rheumatoid arthritis (RA)-specific autoantibodies. This study was undertaken to examine the relationship between the presence of autoantibodies, changes in the synovium, and development of arthritis over time in a(More)
OBJECTIVES A pivotal MRI study of knee arthritis indicated that enthesitis was more frequently observed in established spondyloartritis (SpA) than rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Subsequent MRI and ultrasound studies, however, failed to consistently demonstrate primary synovitis in RA versus primary enthesitis in SpA. Therefore, the current study aimed to(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the distribution of different shapes of time-intensity curves (TICs) in synovial tissue of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to compare relative numbers of TIC shapes between patients with RA and healthy control subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board; patients and(More)
OBJECTIVE Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE-MRI) time-intensity curve (TIC) shape analysis has previously been used in oncology, where fast initial enhancement and early washout are associated with malignancy. As RA synovium has some tumour-like features, we investigated DCE-MRI TIC shape expression in early arthritis in relationship to diagnosis. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE C-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CCR5), a chemokine receptor expressed on T cells and macrophages, and its ligands are found in inflamed synovial tissue (ST) of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The rationale for testing CCR5 blockade in patients with RA was supported by the effects of a CCR5 antagonist in collagen-induced arthritis in rhesus(More)
OBJECTIVE Analysis of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) using pharmacokinetic modeling (PKM) provides quantitative measures that mirror microvessel integrity and can be used as an objective marker of the level of synovial inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the PKM parameters K(trans) , kep , and ve in a(More)
PURPOSE To compare the between-session reproducibility of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) combined with time-intensity curve (TIC)-shape analysis in arthritis patients, within one scanner and between two different scanners, and to compare this method with qualitative analysis and pharmacokinetic modeling (PKM). MATERIALS AND(More)