Christer Sinderby

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Mechanical ventilation is a life-saving intervention for the management of acute respiratory failure. Its objective is to reduce excessive respiratory effort while improving gas exchange. By applying positive pressure to the airway, the mechanical ventilator assumes to a varying extent the work necessary to breathe, thereby unloading the respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) delivers assist in proportion to the patient's respiratory drive as reflected by the diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi). We examined to what extent NAVA can unload inspiratory muscles, and whether unloading is sustainable when implementing a NAVA level identified as adequate (NAVAal) during a(More)
We compared crural diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi) with transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi) during varying levels of pressure support ventilation (PS) in 13 intubated patients. With changing PS, we found no evidence for changes in neuromechanical coupling of the diaphragm. From lowest to highest PS (2 cm H(2)O +/- 4 to 20 cm H(2)O +/- 7), tidal volume(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effect of pressure support ventilation and neurally adjusted ventilatory assist on breathing pattern, patient-ventilator synchrony, diaphragm unloading, and gas exchange. Increasing the level of pressure support ventilation can increase tidal volume, reduce respiratory rate, and lead to delayed ventilator triggering and cycling.(More)
The use of esophageal recordings of the diaphragm electromyogram (EMG) signal strength to evaluate diaphragm activation during voluntary contractions in humans has recently been criticized because of a possible artifact created by changes in lung volume. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to evaluate whether there is an artifactual influence of lung(More)
Although it has been postulated that central inhibition of respiratory drive may prevent development of diaphragm fatigue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) during exercise, this premise has not been validated. We evaluated diaphragm electrical activation (EAdi) relative to maximum in 10 patients with moderately severe COPD at(More)
Patient–ventilator synchrony during non-invasive pressure support ventilation with the helmet device is often compromised when conventional pneumatic triggering and cycling-off were used. A possible solution to this shortcoming is to replace the pneumatic triggering with neural triggering and cycling-off—using the diaphragm electrical activity (EAdi). This(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the control of breathing in rabbits with acute lung injury. DESIGN Prospective animal study. SETTING Experimental laboratory in a university hospital. SUBJECTS Male White New Zealand rabbits (n = 18). INTERVENTION(More)
This study evaluated the response to increasing levels of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA), a mode converting electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi) into pressure, regulated by a proportionality constant called the NAVA level. Fourteen rabbits were studied during baseline, resistive loading and ramp increases of the NAVA level. EAdi, airway(More)
BACKGROUND Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a mode of mechanical ventilation in which the ventilator is controlled by the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi). During maximal inspirations, the pressure delivered can theoretically reach extreme levels that may cause harm to the lungs. The aims of this study were to evaluate whether NAVA(More)