Learn More
Overexpression of the multi-drug transporter P-glycoprotein, encoded by the ABCB1 gene, is a clinically relevant problem in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Polymorphisms in ABCB1 might contribute to cancer risk and therapeutic response. We therefore investigated the influence of polymorphisms G1199A, C1236T, G2677T/A and C3435T on cancer susceptibility, in(More)
TP53 is mutated in 10-20% of cases of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and 3-8% of cases of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Recently, two classes of compounds that restore the function of p53 in tumours have been described. PRIMA-1 (p53-dependent reactivation and induction of massive apoptosis) restores the wild-type conformation of mutant TP53, whereas(More)
An ATP assay using bioluminescence was evaluated for its ability in determining the cytotoxic effect of antileukemic drugs. Leukemic cells from 32 patients with ANLL were used to compare the ATP assay with the differential staining cytotoxicity assay (DiSC). Cells were incubated with doxorubicin, daunorubicin, idarubicin, mitoxantrone and ara-C in(More)
PURPOSE APR-246 (PRIMA-1MET) is a novel drug that restores transcriptional activity of unfolded wild-type or mutant p53. The main aims of this first-in-human trial were to determine maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), safety, dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), and pharmacokinetics (PK) of APR-246. PATIENTS AND METHODS APR-246 was administered as a 2-hour(More)
This study was designed to analyze the effect of global and gene-specific DNA methylation patterns on the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methylation of CDKN2B (p15), E-cadherin (CDH) and hypermethylated in cancer 1 (HIC1) promoters and global DNA methylation by luminometric methylation assay (LUMA) was analyzed in 107 AML patients(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the intracellular pharmacokinetics of mitoxantrone in vivo and to use these results to establish how leukemic cells should be incubated to perform clinically relevant in vitro studies of this drug. Blood samples were obtained from 11 patients with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia at certain intervals up to 20 h after(More)
The pharmacokinetics of daunorubicin and doxorubicin were studied in plasma and leukemic cells from 16 patients with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia during 19 courses of treatment with the unconjugated or DNA-conjugated drugs. Daunorubicin and doxorubicin are high-clearance drugs with very high apparent volumes of distribution, indicating a pronounced(More)
Sixteen patients with polycythaemia vera or essential thrombocythaemia were treated with interferon-alpha in order to normalize elevated platelets. Patients were followed for 6 months and the frequency and intensity of symptoms and side effects were recorded before and during the study period by the patients and by the doctor. Health-related quality of life(More)
The success of cancer chemotherapy is dependent on the possibility to utilize biological differences between malignant and normal cells to selectively destroy the tumor cells. One such difference may be that of receptor-mediated cellular uptake of low density lipoproteins (LDLs). Previous studies have shown that leukemic cells from patients with acute(More)
BACKGROUND Anthracyclines like daunorubicin (DNR) are important drugs in the treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). In vitro studies have shown that cellular metabolism of anthracyclines could play a role in drug resistance. Currently, it is not known what enzyme is responsible for anthracycline metabolism in leukemic cells. AIMS To study C-13(More)