Christer Paul

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Efflux pumps are considered being mechanisms behind drug resistance in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). A recently described efflux pump, breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), can be expressed in AML, but its clinical importance is uncertain. In this study BCRP mRNA expression was determined in samples from 40 AML patients by real-time RT-PCR. The(More)
TP53 is mutated in 10-20% of cases of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) and 3-8% of cases of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Recently, two classes of compounds that restore the function of p53 in tumours have been described. PRIMA-1 (p53-dependent reactivation and induction of massive apoptosis) restores the wild-type conformation of mutant TP53, whereas(More)
Cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML) compose between 40% and 50% of all adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases. In this clinically diverse group, molecular aberrations, such as FLT3-ITD, NPM1, and CEBPA mutations, recently have added to the prognostic accuracy. Aberrant DNA methylation is a hallmark of cancer, including AML. We(More)
The tumour suppressor gene p53 is the most commonly mutated gene in solid tumours. Although less common in haematological malignancies, 10-15% of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) cases carry a p53 mutation. Recently, the compound P53-dependent reactivation and induction of massive apoptosis (PRIMA-1) has been shown to induce cytotoxic effects(More)
PURPOSE APR-246 (PRIMA-1MET) is a novel drug that restores transcriptional activity of unfolded wild-type or mutant p53. The main aims of this first-in-human trial were to determine maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), safety, dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), and pharmacokinetics (PK) of APR-246. PATIENTS AND METHODS APR-246 was administered as a 2-hour(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the intracellular pharmacokinetics of mitoxantrone in vivo and to use these results to establish how leukemic cells should be incubated to perform clinically relevant in vitro studies of this drug. Blood samples were obtained from 11 patients with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemia at certain intervals up to 20 h after(More)
Multidrug resistance to a variety of cytotoxic drugs is due to decreased drug accumulation at the intracellular site of drug action. When due to increased energy-dependent drug efflux, this transport change is often associated with increased expression of an efflux pump for various lipophilic compounds, for example the P-glycoprotein which is the product of(More)
The differential staining cytotoxicity (DiSC) assay was evaluated as a predictive test for response to therapy in patients with acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Incubations were designed in such a way that the intracellular concentrations of cytostatic drugs in vitro paralleled those in vivo. Leukemic cells were isolated from 53 patients with acute(More)
The effect of a calcium channel blocker, verapamil, on intracellular uptake and cytotoxicity of anthracyclines in vitro was studied on leukemic cells from 32 patients with acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cells were isolated from peripheral blood or bone-marrow and incubated with a concentration of 0.2 mumol/l, 0.5 mumol/l and/or 1.0 mumol/l of doxorubicin(More)
This study was designed to analyze the effect of global and gene-specific DNA methylation patterns on the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methylation of CDKN2B (p15), E-cadherin (CDH) and hypermethylated in cancer 1 (HIC1) promoters and global DNA methylation by luminometric methylation assay (LUMA) was analyzed in 107 AML patients(More)