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Feather pecking (FP) is a detrimental behaviour in chickens, which is performed by only some individuals in a flock. FP was studied in 54 red junglefowl (ancestor of domestic chickens), 36 White Leghorn laying hens, and 762 birds from an F(2)-intercross between these two lines. From all F(2)-birds, growth and feed consumption were measured. Age at sexual(More)
Growth depression as a side effect of glucocorticoid therapy in childhood is partially mediated by alterations of the somatotropic hormone axis. The mechanisms of interaction between glucocorticoids and somatotropic hormones on the cellular and molecular level are poorly understood. In an experimental model of primary cultured rat growth plate chondrocytes,(More)
The insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-IR) is involved in tumorigenesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the IGF-IR is a physiological target for p53 in osteosarcoma cells. The p53-induced regulation of IGF-IR levels was studied in a tetracycline-regulated expression system. When expressed in Saos-2, osteosarcoma cells that(More)
Recent experimental data demonstrate cardiovascular effects of the GH secretagogues (GHSs) hexarelin and ghrelin, the proposed natural ligand for the GHS receptor. Moreover, specific cardiac binding sites for GHSs have been suggested. The aim of the present study was to investigate if the natural ligand ghrelin and synthetic GHS peptide hexarelin and(More)
High levels of glucocorticoids are believed to alter bone remodeling by decreasing bone formation and increasing bone resorption. It has been suggested that different cytokines, like interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1 (IL-1), are involved in bone resorption by activating immature osteoclasts, and some studies indicate that IL-6 promotes bone formation(More)
Leptin is involved in regulating food intake, energy balance and bone formation. Increasing evidence suggests that leptin is also involved in fetal growth and development. The aim of this study was to determine if increased maternal leptin is followed by changes in body composition, skeletal growth or hormonal regulation in the adult rat offspring. Pregnant(More)
The mechanisms behind stimulation of protein synthesis in skeletal muscles following oral feeding are not well understood. Previous research has not confirmed that insulin is a major factor behind this stimulation. In the present study we have used genetically altered mice, with either a lack of GH secretion due to a mutational gene inactivation [GH (-/-)(More)
Sponsors The program committee deeply appreciates the following for their support and commitment to strengthening the Midwest dairy industry: On behalf of Chr. Hansen and our employees, we welcome you to the Pre-Conference of the 4-State Dairy Nutrition Conference. Chr. Hansen is a global supplier of bioscience based ingredients to the food, health,(More)
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