Christer Einvik

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We have characterized the structural organization and catalytic properties of the large nucleolar group I introns (NaSSU1) of the different Naegleria species N. jamiesoni, N. andersoni, N. italica, and N. gruberi. NaSSU1 consists of three distinct RNA domains: an open reading frame encoding a homing-type endonuclease, and a small group I ribozyme (NaGIR1)(More)
Background:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate expression of many cancer-related genes through posttranscriptional repression of their mRNAs. In this study we investigate the proto-oncogene MYCN as a target for miRNA regulation.Methods:A luciferase reporter assay was used to investigate software-predicted miRNA target sites in the 3′-untranslated region (3′UTR) of(More)
The MYC genes are the most frequently activated oncogenes in human tumors and are hence attractive therapeutic targets. MYCN amplification leads to poor clinical outcome in childhood neuroblastoma, yet strategies to modulate the function of MYCN do not exist. Here we show that 10058-F4, a characterized c-MYC/Max inhibitor, also targets the MYCN/Max(More)
Protists are unicellular eukaryotes which represent a significant fraction of the global biodiversity. The myxomycete Didymium and the schizopyrenid amoeboflagellate Naegleria are distantly related protists. However, we have noted several striking similarities in life cycle, cell morphology, and ribosomal DNA organization between these organisms. Both have(More)
DiSSU1, a mobile intron in the nuclear rRNA gene of Didymium iridis, was previously reported to contain two independent catalytic RNA elements. We have found that both catalytic elements, renamed GIR1 and GIR2, are group I ribozymes, but with differing functionality. GIR2 carries out the several reactions associated with self-splicing. GIR1 carries out a(More)
The MYCN oncogene is frequently amplified in neuroblastoma. It is one of the most consistent markers of bad prognosis for this disease. Dickkopf-3 (DKK3) is a secreted protein of the DKK family of Wnt regulators. It functions as a tumor suppressor in a range of cancers, including neuroblastoma. MYCN was recently found to downregulate DKK3 mRNA. In this(More)
Group I ribozymes are naturally occurring catalytic RNAs that are able to excise themselves as introns (group I introns) from a precursor RNA, and to ligate the flanking exons. Group I ribozymes can be engineered to act in trans by recognizing a separate RNA molecule in a sequence specific manner, and to covalently link an RNA sequence to this separate RNA(More)
The ribosomal DNA region of the myxomycete Fuligo septica was investigated and found to contain 12 group I introns (four in the small subunit and eight in the large subunit ribosomal RNAs). We have performed molecular and phylogenetic analyses to provide insight into intron structure and function, intron-host biology, and intron origin and evolution. The(More)
In addition to splicing, group I intron RNA is capable of an alternative two-step processing pathway that results in the formation of full-length intron circular RNA. The circularization pathway is initiated by hydrolytic cleavage at the 3' splice site and followed by a transesterification reaction in which the intron terminal guanosine attacks the 5'(More)
A new category of self-splicing group I introns with conserved structural organization and function is found among the eukaryotic microorganisms Didymium and Naegleria. These complex rDNA introns contain two distinct ribozymes with different functions: a regular group I splicing-ribozyme and a small internal group I-like ribozyme (GIR1), probably involved(More)