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BACKGROUND In 2002, we reported the initial results of a trial comparing radical prostatectomy with watchful waiting in the management of early prostate cancer. After three more years of follow-up, we report estimated 10-year results. METHODS From October 1989 through February 1999, 695 men with early prostate cancer (mean age, 64.7 years) were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Radical prostatectomy is widely used in the treatment of early prostate cancer. The possible survival benefit of this treatment, however, is unclear. We conducted a randomized trial to address this question. METHODS From October 1989 through February 1999, 695 men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer in International Union against Cancer(More)
PURPOSE We report the 5-year followup of a randomized comparison of mitomycin C and bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in patients with superficial bladder carcinoma. Recurrence, progression and survival rates, crossover results, prognostic factors and long-term side effects were analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 261 patients were enrolled in the(More)
This article discusses the development of international guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and prevention of low-grade Ta urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. The authors, who are experts in this field from 3 continents and 7 countries, reviewed the English language literature through September 2004. The results of the authors'(More)
Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives) are important for normal embryogenesis and retinoic acid, an acidic derivative of vitamin A, was recently proposed to be an endogenous morphogen. Several retinoids are also potent teratogens. Using an autoradiographic technique, we have identified tissues and cells in early mouse embryos that are able to specifically(More)
PURPOSE We studied 363 patients with stage Ta bladder tumors during long-term followup who were classified according to the 1998 WHO and International Society of Urological Pathology consensus classifications. We determine whether various immunohistochemical and molecular markers could predict tumor progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 680(More)
A retrospective study of 232 bladder tumours with minimum follow-up 5 years is presented. The carcinoma was superficial in 66%, muscle-invasive in 31% and could not be staged in 3%. Primary treatment was mainly transurethral resection for superficial tumour, but was cystectomy or radiotherapy in 22 of 29 T1 G3. Of the superficial tumours, 71% recurred.(More)
The possibility that computerized image analysis could increase the reproducibility of grading of bladder carcinoma as compared to conventional subjective grading made by pathologists was investigated. Object, texture and graph based analysis were carried out from Feulgen stained histological tissue sections. The object based features were extracted from(More)
A specific membrane receptor for plasma retinol-binding protein (RBP) is expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). When chemically cross-linking RBP to RPE membranes, an 86-kDa RBP.RBP receptor complex is formed, and a 63-kDa protein was identified as the RBP-binding membrane protein (Båvik, C.-O., Eriksson, U., Allen, R., and Peterson, P. (1991)(More)
BACKGROUND Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the intravesical treatment of choice for carcinoma in situ (CIS). OBJECTIVE Our aim was to assess if sequential mitomycin C (MMC) plus BCG after transurethral resection (TUR) is worthy of further study in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients with CIS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In a(More)