Christer Busch

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BACKGROUND In 2002, we reported the initial results of a trial comparing radical prostatectomy with watchful waiting in the management of early prostate cancer. After three more years of follow-up, we report estimated 10-year results. METHODS From October 1989 through February 1999, 695 men with early prostate cancer (mean age, 64.7 years) were randomly(More)
Retinoids (vitamin A derivatives) are important for normal embryogenesis and retinoic acid, an acidic derivative of vitamin A, was recently proposed to be an endogenous morphogen. Several retinoids are also potent teratogens. Using an autoradiographic technique, we have identified tissues and cells in early mouse embryos that are able to specifically(More)
Bladder cancer is a heterogeneous disease with a variable natural history. At one end of the spectrum, low-grade Ta tumors have a low progression rate and require initial endoscopic treatment and surveillance but rarely present a threat to the patient. At the other extreme, high-grade tumors have a high malignant potential associated with significant(More)
Cephalic neural crest cells are known to form the frontonasal mesenchyme and contribute to the mesenchyme of the visceral arches. Retinoids affect neural crest cells and their derivatives during development, and thus cause craniofacial, thymus, and conotruncal heart malformations. In addition, retinoids induce malformations of the central nervous system(More)
BACKGROUND Radical prostatectomy is widely used in the treatment of early prostate cancer. The possible survival benefit of this treatment, however, is unclear. We conducted a randomized trial to address this question. METHODS From October 1989 through February 1999, 695 men with newly diagnosed prostate cancer in International Union against Cancer(More)
Different types of human cells which normally grow as monolayers or suspension cultures were tested for their capacity to form and grow as spheroids. Sixteen out of the 27 tested tumour cell lines formed spheroids. Nearly all of these spheroids also grew. With only two exceptions the doubling times were longer when the tumour cells grew as spheroids than(More)
PURPOSE We report the 5-year followup of a randomized comparison of mitomycin C and bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) in patients with superficial bladder carcinoma. Recurrence, progression and survival rates, crossover results, prognostic factors and long-term side effects were analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 261 patients were enrolled in the(More)
The distribution of cellular retinol-binding protein was localized in three tissues involved in the transport of vitamin A using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique. In addition, a sensitive radioimmunoassay was developed to quantitate cellular retinol-binding protein in various tissues. In liver, the protein was found in the hepatocytes and in the(More)
BACKGROUND Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the intravesical treatment of choice for carcinoma in situ (CIS). OBJECTIVE Our aim was to assess if sequential mitomycin C (MMC) plus BCG after transurethral resection (TUR) is worthy of further study in non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients with CIS. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS In a(More)
This article discusses the development of international guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and prevention of low-grade Ta urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. The authors, who are experts in this field from 3 continents and 7 countries, reviewed the English language literature through September 2004. The results of the authors'(More)