Christelle Volmer

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Large-scale sequence analyses of influenza viruses revealed that nonstructural 1 (NS1) proteins from avian influenza viruses have a conserved C-terminal ESEV amino acid motif, while NS1 proteins from typical human influenza viruses have a C-terminal RSKV motif. To test the influence of the C-terminal domains of NS1 on the virulence of an avian influenza(More)
The NS1 protein of influenza A viruses is known as a nonessential virulence factor inhibiting type I interferon (IFN) production in mammals and in chicken cells. Whether NS1 inhibits the induction of type I IFNs in duck cells is currently unknown. In order to investigate this issue, we used reverse genetics to generate a virus expressing a truncated NS1(More)
In mammalian cells, nucleolar localization of influenza A NS1 requires the presence of a C-terminal nucleolar localization signal. This nucleolar localization signal is present only in certain strains of influenza A viruses. Therefore, only certain NS1 accumulate in the nucleolus of mammalian cells. In contrast, we show that all NS1 tested in this study(More)
This study analysed the immune response in the intestinal tract of ducks infected with low-pathogenic avian influenza viruses compared with ducks treated orally with R848, a synthetic Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) agonist. Influenza virus infection induced a type I interferon (IFN)-dependent immune response characterized by the expression of Mx transcripts in(More)
We report herein a feline salivary gland adenocarcinoma with widespread metastases to draining lymph nodes, liver and lung, as well as an unusual metastasis to the spleen. Histologically, the primary salivary gland tumor consisted of low columnar to polygonal epithelial cells forming tubules and trabeculae. The spleen was infiltrated with sheets of poorly(More)
This case describes a subcutaneous soft tissue tumour in a German Shepherd dog. Histologically, the lesion was characterized by proliferating ovoid cells, loosely arranged in a collagenous to myxoid stroma, and by numerous pseudoglandular structures lined by neoplastic cells. Immunohistochemically, neoplastic cells were labelled with vimentin, glial(More)
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