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Human NK cells and subsets of T cells or NKT cells express the orphan C-type lectin receptor CD161 (NKR-P1A) of unknown function. In contrast to rodents that possess several NKR-P1 genes coding for either activating or inhibitory receptors, the nature of signals delivered by the single human NKR-P1A receptor is still to be clarified. In this article, we(More)
Recently, the Z27 mAb was shown to recognize the NK cell-activating receptor KIR3DS1, and several genetic studies suggest that the most probable ligands of KIR3DS1 are HLA class I molecules with the Bw4 motif. Despite these findings, the attempts to establish a functional interaction between KIR3DS1 and its potential ligand have been unsuccessful. Here, we(More)
CMV infection represents a major complication in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which compromises graft outcome. Downregulation of HLA class I expression is one mechanism by which CMV evades T cell-mediated immune detection, rendering infected cells vulnerable to killer cell Ig-like receptor (KIR)(+) NK cells. In this study, we observed that the(More)
NK cells use NK cell receptors to be able to recognize and eliminate infected, transformed, and allogeneic cells. Human NK cells are prevented from killing autologous healthy cells by virtue of inhibitory NKRs, primarily killer cell Ig-like receptors (KIR) that bind "self" HLA class I molecules. Individual NK cells stably express a selected set of KIR, but(More)
An efficient antiviral cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response to HTLV-1 infection maintains a low proviral load (PVL), reducing the risk of HAM/TSP. Host genotype , particularly of HLA class I, is a major determinant of CTL efficiency, and the influence of specific HLA class I alleles on HTLV-1 immunity is well documented. We recently showed that killer(More)
BACKGROUND Occurring frequently after solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication remains a relevant cause of mortality and morbidity in affected patients. Despite these adverse effects, an increased alloreactivity of natural killer (NK) cells after CMV infection has been assumed, but the underlying(More)
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