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Whereas SSRIs produce rapid blockade of the serotonin transporter (SERT) in vitro and in vivo, the onset of an observable clinical effect takes longer to occur and a variety of pharmacological effects caused by antidepressants have been speculated to be involved either in initiating antidepressant effects and/or enhancing their effects on serotonergic(More)
Selective serotonin (5-HT) re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly used in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder in Humans. However, because only few animal models display overt anxious-like behavior, detailed preclinical studies of the anxiolytic properties of antidepressants are still lacking. Here, we studied the neurochemical and behavioral(More)
Antidepressants such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRI) act as indirect agonists of serotonin (5-HT) receptors. Although these drugs produce a rapid blockade of serotonin transporters (SERTs) in vitro, several weeks of treatment are necessary to observe clinical benefits. This paradox has not been solved yet. Recent studies have identified(More)
In vivo intracerebral microdialysis is an important neurochemical technique that has been applied extensively in genetic and pharmacological studies aimed at investigating the relationship between neurotransmitters. Among the main interests of microdialysis application is the infusion of drugs through the microdialysis probe (reverse dialysis) in awake,(More)
The onset of a therapeutic response to antidepressant treatment exhibits a delay of several weeks. The present study was designed to know whether extracellular serotonin (5-HT) levels need to be increased in territories of 5-HT innervation in order to obtain beneficial effects from a chronic treatment with a serotonin-selective reuptake inhibitor (SSRI).(More)
Smoking is the most important preventable cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. This nicotine addiction is mediated through the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), expressed on most neurons, and also many other organs in the body. Even within the ventral tegmental area (VTA), the key brain area responsible for the reinforcing properties of all(More)
We studied the effects of 1 mg/kg doses of nicotine and the alpha4beta2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) partial agonist, varenicline, on extracellular dopamine (DA) levels in the nucleus accumbens (NuAcc) of lentivirally vectorized male mice. Three separate experimental groups were injected with a lentiviral vector transducing the ventral(More)
Among the multiple possibilities to study human depressive disorders, animal models remain important preclinical tools. They allow the understanding of the mechanisms of action of antidepressant drugs. Primarily developed in rat, animal models of depression have been adapted to the mouse, an easy-to-use mammal with better genetic possibilities than rats. As(More)
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors like paroxetine (Prx) often requires 4-6 weeks to achieve clinical benefits in depressed patients. Pindolol shortens this delay and it has been suggested that this effect is mediated by somatodendritic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) 1A autoreceptors. However clinical data on the beneficial effects of pindolol are(More)
Vortioxetine (Lu AA21004) is an investigational novel antidepressant with multimodal activity that functions as a 5-HT3, 5-HT7 and 5-HT(1D) receptor antagonist, 5-HT(1B) receptor partial agonist, 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist and inhibitor of the 5-HT transporter in vitro. Here we explore its anxiolytic and antidepressant potential in adult mice. Vortioxetine(More)