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OBJECTIVE To identify adiponectin and its receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) in human granulosa cells (GC) and to study the effects of recombinant human adiponectin on P and E(2) secretion from these cells. DESIGN The effects of recombinant human adiponectin on the secretion of P and E(2) by cultured human GCs were investigated. SETTING Academic(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin is an adipokine, mainly produced by adipose tissue. It regulates several reproductive processes. The protein expression of the adiponectin system (adiponectin, its receptors, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 and the APPL1 adaptor) in bovine ovary and its role on ovarian cells and embryo, remain however to be determined. METHODS Here, we(More)
The role of insulin in chicken adipose tissue appears weak or questionable. In a first study, proximal and distal components of the insulin signaling cascade were characterized in abdominal adipose tissue of fasted or fed chickens for the first time. Similar measurements were performed on epididymal adipose tissue from fasted or fed rats for comparison.(More)
Ghrelin and one of its functional receptors, GHS-R1a (Growth Hormone Secretagogue Receptor 1a), were firstly studied about 15 years. Ghrelin is a multifunctional peptide hormone that affects several biological functions including food intake, glucose release, cell proliferation... Ghrelin and GHS-R1a are expressed in key cells of both male and female(More)
The mechanisms controlling the interaction between energy balance and reproduction are the subject of intensive investigations. The integrated control of these systems is probably a multifaceted phenomenon involving an array of signals governing energy homeostasis, metabolism, and fertility. Two fuel sensors, PPARs, a superfamily of nuclear receptors and(More)
Although its mechanism of action is still unclear, metformin is an anti-diabetic drug effective to restore cyclicity and spontaneous ovulation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. It may also reduce the risk of cancer. We have recently shown that metformin treatment decreases steroidogenesis through AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) in granulosa cells of(More)
It is well known that adipose tissue can influence puberty, sexual maturation, and fertility in different species. Adipose tissue secretes molecules called adipokines which most likely have an endocrine effect on reproductive function. It has been revealed over the last few years that adipokines are functionally implicated at all levels of the reproductive(More)
We have previously characterized 2 haplotypes (Fertil+ and Fertil-) of Holstein dairy cows differing in 1 female fertility quantitative trait locus (QTL) located on chromosome 3 (QTL-Fert-F-BTA3) between positions 9.8 and 13.5 cM. This QTL is composed of 124 genes, some of them being involved in metabolism or reproduction. Primiparous Fertil+ and Fertil-(More)
BACKGROUND Reproductive dysfunction in the diabetic female rat is associated with altered folliculogenesis and steroidogenesis. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in the reduction of steroid production have not been described. Adiponectin is an adipocytokine that has insulin-sensitizing actions including stimulation of glucose uptake in muscle and(More)
The physiological mechanisms that control energy balance are reciprocally linked to those that control reproduction, and together, these mechanisms optimize reproductive success under fluctuating metabolic conditions. Adipose tissue plays an important role in this regulation. Indeed, it releases a variety of factors, termed adipokines that regulate energy(More)