Christelle Deffernez

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Coronavirus NL63 has been identified as a new member of the coronavirus genus, but its role as a cause of respiratory disease needs to be established. We studied the first episode of lower respiratory tract symptoms in a cohort of healthy neonates. NL63 was identified in 6 (7%) of 82 cases and was as frequent as other coronaviruses (9%). NL63 was recovered(More)
Improved knowledge of the genotypic characteristics of human rhinovirus (HRV) is required, as are nucleic detection assays with the capacity to overcome both the similarities between members of the family Picornaviridae and the wide diversity of different HRV serotypes. The goal of the present study was to investigate the variability and the genotypic(More)
Early and accurate monitoring of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in solid-organ transplant recipients is of major importance. We have assessed the potential benefit of an ultrasensitive plasma-based PCR assay for renal transplant recipients. The pp65 CMV antigen (pp65 Ag) assay using leukocytes was employed as a routine test for the monitoring of CMV in 23(More)
RATIONALE Lung transplant recipients are particularly at risk of complications from rhinovirus, the most frequent respiratory virus circulating in the community. OBJECTIVES To determine whether lung transplant recipients can be chronically infected by rhinovirus and the potential clinical impact. METHODS We first identified an index case, in which(More)
Human bocavirus (HBoV) is a novel agent associated with respiratory symptoms in adults and children. We studied prospectively the first acute respiratory infection in a birth cohort of healthy neonates in Switzerland. HBoV was identified in 5 (4.5%) of 112 infants as young as 3 months of age. In 4 of the 5 infants, HBoV was associated with other respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND In addition to the human coronaviruses (HCoVs) OC43 and 229E, which have been known for decades to cause infection in humans, 2 new members of this genus have recently been identified: HCoVs NL63 and HKU1. Their impact as a cause of respiratory tract disease in adults at risk for complications needs to be established. METHODS We prospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a major cause of morbidity in infancy worldwide, with cough and wheeze being alarming symptoms to parents. We aimed to analyze in detail the viral aetiology of ARI with such symptoms in otherwise healthy infants, including rhinoviruses and recently discovered viruses such as human metapneumovirus (HMPV),(More)
We assessed the frequency and the potential role of respiratory viruses on disease outcomes in hospitalized patients and lung transplant recipients who underwent a bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for an acute respiratory infection. BAL specimens (148) were analyzed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction for the presence of 11 different viruses, as(More)
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA amplification assays in plasma have shown limited sensitivity compared to the detection of pp65 antigen in leukocytes. Our goal was to increase the sensitivity of a commercial CMV DNA PCR quantitative assay. After modification, the new assay was able to reproducibly detect 20 CMV DNA copies/ml of plasma. We compared this new(More)
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