Christelle Butel

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CRF02_AG is the predominant HIV strain circulating in West and West Central Africa. The aim of this study was to test whether this predominance is associated with a higher in vitro replicative fitness relative to parental subtype A and G viruses. Primary HIV-1 isolates (10 CRF02_AG, 5 subtype A and 5 subtype G) were obtained from a well-described(More)
Plasmodium vivax is the leading cause of human malaria in Asia and Latin America but is absent from most of central Africa due to the near fixation of a mutation that inhibits the expression of its receptor, the Duffy antigen, on human erythrocytes. The emergence of this protective allele is not understood because P. vivax is believed to have originated in(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the frequency and progression over time of the WHO-defined transmitted HIV-1 drug resistance mutations (DRMs) among antiretroviral treatment (ART)-naive HIV-1-infected patients in Cameroon. DESIGN We analyzed HIV-1 DRM data generated from 369 ART-naive individuals consecutively recruited between 1996 and 2007 in urban and rural(More)
BACKGROUND Increased access to HIV testing is essential in working towards universal access to HIV prevention and treatment in resource-limited countries. We here evaluated currently used HIV diagnostic tests and algorithms in Cameroon for their ability to correctly identify HIV infections. METHODS We estimated sensitivity, specificity, and positive and(More)
We analysed whether mutations associated with resistance to antiretroviral (ARV) drugs circulate among treatment-naive HIV-1-infected individuals at a period when these drugs started to become more widely available in Africa. Overall, major resistance mutations in the pol gene, as defined by the International AIDS Society Resistance Testing-USA panel, were(More)
514 Emerging Infectious Diseases • www.cdc.gov/eid • Vol. 13, No. 3, March 2007 PCRs were performed with primers from the internal regions of bla CTX-M gene and primers for insertion sequences ISEcp1 and IS903 (4,5). Positive PCR products were obtained with primers ISEcp1F and CTX2 (943 bp); no amplified product was produced with primers CTX1 and IS903R.(More)
BACKGROUND Rickettsia felis is a common emerging pathogen detected in mosquitoes in sub-Saharan Africa. We hypothesized that, as with malaria, great apes may be exposed to the infectious bite of infected mosquitoes and release R. felis DNA in their feces. METHODS We conducted a study of 17 forest sites in Central Africa, testing 1,028 fecal samples from(More)
For the first time the genetic diversity among the uniformed personnel in Kinshasa, the capital city of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), a country that has experienced military conflicts since 1998 and in which the global HIV-1/M pandemic started, has now been documented. A total of 94 HIV-1-positive samples, collected in 2007 in Kinshasa garrison(More)
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) infects many primate species. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) can develop an immune disease similar to human acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Immunosuppressed patients often suffer from opportunistic diseases such as microsporidiosis and cryptosporidiosis. We report on the occurrence of infections with(More)
Among 128 patients routinely receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy in an HIV/AIDS outpatient clinic in Cameroon, 16.4% had drug resistance after a median of 10 months. Of these, 12.5% had resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), 10.2% to non-NRTIs, and 2.3% to protease inhibitors.