Christelle Basset

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The skin and contiguous mucosal surfaces define the primary locus of interaction between host and micro-organisms. In this review, we focus on the innate immune system in the mucosa, which manages to deal with invading pathogens, the mechanisms that organisms have evolved in order to circumvent this primary defensive barrier and, finally, potential(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if either Helicobacter or enterotoxigenic Bacteroidesfragilis (ETBF) was linked to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), using PCR. We analyzed the luminal washings and colonic biopsies of 35 patients with IBD and 37 control patients. The presence of Helicobacter was confirmed in the luminal washing of one IBD patient and(More)
Immunoglobulin A (IgA), which is heavily glycosylated, interacts with a variety of receptors, e.g. the asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGP-R), which binds terminal galactose residues, and the Fcalpha receptor (FcalphaRI). It has thus been proposed that elevated serum levels of IgA in primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) are caused by its defective clearance. To(More)
There are many diseases where the cause is unknown and this makes a specific treatment difficult. In many cases all that can be achieved is amelioration of the illness. Peptic ulcer disease was one such condition no more that 20 years ago. The management was drastic--either an operation or life-long medication in order to reduce the acid secreted by the(More)
AIM To investigate the bactericidal and anti-adhesive properties of 25 plants against Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). METHODS Twenty-five plants were boiled in water to produce aqueous extracts that simulate the effect of cooking. The bactericidal activity of the extracts was assessed by a standard kill-curve with seven strains of H. pylori. The(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a global pathogen that causes severe gastrointestinal diseases leading to a significant morbidity and mortality. There is an effective treatment for peptic ulcer disease, however, this is being compromised by an increase in the prevalence of antibiotic resistance. Although alternative rescue regimens have been advocated, the best(More)
Cholera toxin (CT) and the heat-labile enterotoxin of E. coli (LT), as well as their non toxic mutants, are potent mucosal adjuvants of immunization eliciting mucosal and systemic responses against unrelated co-administered antigens in experimental models and in humans (non toxic mutants). These enterotoxins are composed of two subunits, the A subunit,(More)
We have compared current image analysis software packages in order to find the most useful one for assessing microbial adhesion and inhibition of adhesion to tissue sections. We have used organisms of different sizes, the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and the yeast Candida albicans. Adhesion of FITC-labelled H. pylori and C. albicans was assessed by(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory condition of the intestines that is clinically heterogenous. The cause(s) of IBD are currently unknown but the mechanisms of injury are immunological. Increasingly there is an emphasis on the study of the complex interactions at the interface of self and non-self--the gastrointestinal(More)
Despite the prominent role of IgA, particularly IgA1, in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the precise role of this molecule in the process remains unclear. Four biotin-conjugated lectins in sandwich-type enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were devised to determine the glycosylation profiles of total IgA and its subclasses. We took advantage of(More)