Christel Vérollet

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In metazoans, gamma-tubulin acts within two main complexes, gamma-tubulin small complexes (gamma-TuSCs) and gamma-tubulin ring complexes (gamma-TuRCs). In higher eukaryotes, it is assumed that microtubule nucleation at the centrosome depends on gamma-TuRCs, but the role of gamma-TuRC components remains undefined. For the first time, we analyzed the function(More)
In metazoans, the centrosome organizes the microtubule cytoskeleton. The molecular mechanisms responsible for the initiation and the regulation of microtubule assembly remain unclear, although γ-tubulin appears critical to these processes. In addition to a centrosomal fraction, γ-tubulin is present in cytosolic high-order protein structures (Akashi et al.,(More)
γ-Tubulin is critical for microtubule (MT) assembly and organization. In metazoa, this protein acts in multiprotein complexes called γ-Tubulin Ring Complexes (γ-TuRCs). While the subunits that constitute γ-Tubulin Small Complexes (γ-TuSCs), the core of the MT nucleation machinery, are essential, mutation of γ-TuRC-specific proteins in Drosophila causes(More)
Macrophage tissue infiltration is a hallmark of several pathological situations including cancer, neurodegenerative disorders and chronic inflammation. Hence, deciphering the mechanisms of macrophage migration across a variety of tissues holds great potential for novel anti-inflammatory therapies. Leukocytes have long been thought to migrate through tissues(More)
In the arms race of host-microbe co-evolution, macrophages (Mɸs) have been endowed with strategies to neutralize pathogenic challenge while preserving host integrity. During steady-states conditions, Mɸs perform multiple house-keeping functions governed by their differentiation state, tissue distribution, and signals from the microenvironment. In response(More)
gamma-Tubulin is critical for the initiation and regulation of microtubule (MT) assembly. In Drosophila melanogaster, it acts within two main complexes: the gamma-tubulin small complex (gamma-TuSC) and the gamma-tubulin ring complex (gamma-TuRC). Proteins specific of the gamma-TuRC, although nonessential for viability, are required for efficient mitotic(More)
Macrophages are motile leukocytes, targeted by HIV-1, thought to play a critical role in host dissemination of the virus. However, whether infection impacts their migration capacity remains unknown. We show that 2-dimensional migration and the 3-dimensional (3D) amoeboid migration mode of HIV-1-infected human monocyte-derived macrophages were inhibited,(More)
Filamin A (FLNa) is a cross-linker of actin filaments and serves as a scaffold protein mostly involved in the regulation of actin polymerization. It is distributed ubiquitously, and null mutations have strong consequences on embryonic development in humans, with organ defects which suggest deficiencies in cell migration. We have reported previously that(More)
*Centre de Recherche en Pharmacologie-Santé, Unité Mixte de Recherche 2587, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-Pierre Fabre, Institut de Sciences et Technologies du Médicament de Toulouse, 31400 Toulouse, France; Centre de Biologie du Développement, Unité Mixte de Recherche 5547, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-Université Paul(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) disseminates in the body and is found in several organs and tissues. Although HIV-1 mainly targets both CD4(+) T lymphocytes and macrophages, it has contrasting effects between these cell populations. HIV-1 infection namely reduces the viability of CD4(+) T cells, whereas infected macrophages are long-lived. In(More)