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Notch belongs to a family of transmembrane proteins that are widely conserved from flies to vertebrates and are thought to be involved in cell-fate decisions. In Drosophila, the Suppressor of hairless (Su(H)) gene and genes of the Enhancer of split (E(Spl)) complex, which encode proteins of the basic helix-loop-helix type have been implicated in the Notch(More)
We have purified the sequence-specific DNA-binding protein KBF2 and cloned the corresponding cDNA, which is derived from the previously described RBP-J kappa gene, the human homolog of the Drosophila Suppressor of Hairless [Su(H)] gene. Deletion studies of the RBP-J kappa and Su(H) proteins allowed us to define a DNA-binding domain conserved during(More)
The Notch1 receptor is presented at the cell membrane as a heterodimer after constitutive processing by a furin-like convertase. Ligand binding induces the proteolytic release of Notch intracellular domain by a gamma-secretase-like activity. This domain translocates to the nucleus and interacts with the DNA-binding protein CSL, resulting in transcriptional(More)
We have previously reported the presence of a hormone-inducible transcriptional activation function (TAF-2) within the region of the estrogen receptor (ER) that contains the hormone binding domain. We show here that the N-terminal A/B region of the ER contains an independent constitutive activation function (TAF-1) that exhibits cell type specificity since(More)
The Notch receptor is involved in many cell fate determination events in vertebrates and invertebrates. It has been shown in Drosophila melanogaster that Delta-dependent Notch signaling activates the transcription factor Suppressor of Hairless, leading to an increased expression of the Enhancer of Split genes. Genetic evidence has also implicated the(More)
The Notch receptor, which is involved in numerous cell fate decisions in invertebrates and vertebrates, is synthesized as a 300-kDa precursor molecule (p300). We show here that proteolytic processing of p300 is an essential step in the formation of the biologically active receptor because only the cleaved fragments are present at the cell surface. Our(More)
We showed previously that coactivators mediating stimulation by different activators were associated with the TATA-binding protein (TBP) in distinct TFIID complexes. We have characterized a human TBP-associated factor (TAF), hTAFII30, associated with a subset of TFIID complexes. hTAFII30 interacts with the AF-2-containing region E of the human estrogen(More)
The metalloprotease ADAM10 mediates the shedding of the ectodomain of various cell membrane proteins, including APP, the precursor of the amyloid peptide Aβ, and Notch receptors following ligand binding. ADAM10 associates with the members of an evolutionary conserved subgroup of tetraspanins, referred to as TspanC8, which regulate its exit from the(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) has provided a useful tool to study plasticity of nociceptive sensory neurons in Aplysia. Because noxious stimulation causes release of 5-HT and long-term hyperexcitability (LTH) of sensory neuron somata and because 5-HT treatment can induce long-term synaptic facilitation of sensory neuron synapses, a plausible hypothesis is that 5-HT also(More)
Deltex (DTX) and AIP4 are the human orthologues of the Drosophila deltex and Suppressor of deltex, which have been genetically described as being antagonistically involved in the Notch signalling pathway. Both genes encode E3 ubiquitin ligases of the RING (Really interesting new gene)-H2 and HECT (Homologous to E6AP carboxyl terminus) families,(More)