Learn More
Nitric oxide (NO) has been associated with plant defense responses during microbial attack, and with induction and/or regulation of programmed cell death. Here, we addressed whether NO participates in wound responses in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. Real-time imaging by confocal laser-scanning microscopy in conjunction with the NO-selective fluorescence(More)
Ceramide (N-acylsphingosine) biosynthesis has been proposed to involve introduction of the 4,5-trans-double bond of sphingosine after synthesis of dihydroceramide (i.e. N-acylsphinganine). For the first time, the in vitro conversion of dihydroceramide to ceramide has been demonstrated using rat liver microsomes and N-[1-14C]octanoyl-D-erythro-sphinganine(More)
The redox components of the cytochrome bc1 complex from the acidophilic chemolithotrophic organism Thiobacillus ferrooxidans were investigated by potentiometric and spectroscopic techniques. Optical redox titrations demonstrated the presence of two b-type hemes with differing redox midpoint potentials at pH 7.4 (-169 and + 20 mV for bL and bH,(More)
Cyanobacteria are the oldest life forms on earth known to produce a broad spectrum of secondary metabolites. The functions/advantages of most of these secondary metabolites (peptides and alkaloids) are unknown, however, some of them have adverse effects in humans and wildlife, especially when ingested, inhaled or upon dermal exposure. Surprisingly, some of(More)
AIM To assess the role of lactate as a precursor for butyrate biosynthesis in human colonic microflora. METHODS AND RESULTS Three human faecal microfloras were incubated in vitro with media supplemented with 30 mmol l(-1) unenriched or 13C-enriched lactate. Lactate metabolism and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production were quantified. Lactate conversion(More)
The participation of the primary radicals in the bleaching of aqueous solutions of the carotenoid crocin by ionizing radiation was investigated, employing both X-radiolysis and pulse radiolysis. The pulse-radiolytic data demonstrated a very rapid diffusion-controlled attack by both hydroxyl radicals (.OH) and hydrated electrons (eaq-), while superoxide(More)
Under physiological pH conditions (pH 7.2-7.4) the rate constant of the reaction NO + O2- yielding peroxonitrite (ONOO-) was determined as k = (3.7 +/- 1.1) x 10(7) M-1 s-1. The decay of peroxonitrite at this pH follows first order kinetics with a rate constant of 1.4 s 1. At alkaline pH peroxonitrite is practically stable. Possible consequences of these(More)
The polyphenols present in green tea or red wine comprise both regular flavon(ol)s and proanthocyanidins, i.e., derivatives of flavan-3-ols, whose distinct antioxidative potential is of great importance for explaining the beneficial effects of these nutrient beverages. Using EPR spectroscopy, we investigated radical structures obtained after oxidation of(More)