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Modafinil was compared to the indirect dopaminergic drugs, dexamphetamine and methylphenidate, using in vivo differential normal pulse voltammetry with carbon fibre electrodes located in the caudate nucleus to study extracellular catechol level in anaesthetized mice. Modafinil (16-256 mg kg-1) failed to modify the catechol oxidation peak height (peak 2).(More)
INTRODUCTION The relationship between isolated traumatic brain injury (TBI) associated coagulopathy and patient prognosis frequently lacks information regarding the time course of coagulation disorders throughout the post-traumatic period. This study was conducted to assess the prevalence and time course of post-traumatic coagulopathy in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at high risk for airway obstruction and hypoxia at the accident scene, and routine prehospital endotracheal intubation has been widely advocated. However, the effects on outcome are unclear. We therefore aim to determine effects of prehospital intubation on mortality and hypothesize that such(More)
CONTEXT Prophylactic corticosteroids are often administered during cardiac surgery to attenuate the inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass and surgical trauma; however, evidence that routine corticosteroid use can prevent major adverse events is lacking. OBJECTIVE To quantify the effect of intraoperative high-dose dexamethasone on the incidence(More)
The cardiac muscle and the coronary vasculature are in close proximity to each other, and a two-way interaction, called cross-talk, exists. Here we focus on the mechanical aspects of cross-talk including the role of the extracellular matrix. Cardiac muscle affects the coronary vasculature. In diastole, the effect of the cardiac muscle on the coronary(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is common in type 2 diabetes. In DCM, insulin resistance may alter cardiac substrate supply and utilisation leading to changes in myocardial metabolism and cardiac function. In rats, exposure to excessive alimentary fat, inducing a type 2 diabetic phenotype, may result in myocardial insulin resistance and(More)
BACKGROUND In the current study, the authors investigated the distinct role and relative order of protein kinase C (PKC)-delta, adenosine triphosphate-sensitive mitochondrial K+ (mito K+(ATP)) channels, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the signal transduction of sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection and specifically addressed their mechanistic link. (More)
BACKGROUND Pretreatment with the volatile anesthetic sevoflurane protects cardiomyocytes against subsequent ischemic episodes caused by a protein kinase C (PKC)-delta mediated preconditioning effect. Sevoflurane directly modulates cardiac Ca2+ handling, and because Ca2+ also serves as a mediator in other cardioprotective signaling pathways, possible(More)
BACKGROUND We previously demonstrated the involvement of the Ca2+-independent protein kinase C-delta (PKC-delta) isoform in sevoflurane-induced cardioprotection against ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury. Since sevoflurane is known to modulate myocardial Ca2+-handling directly, in this study we investigated the role of the Ca2+-dependent PKC-alpha(More)