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UNLABELLED The objectives of this study were to examine the effective dose range and the test-retest reliability of florbetapir F 18 using, first, visual assessment by independent raters masked to clinical information and, second, semiautomated quantitative measures of cortical target area to cerebellum standardized uptake value ratios (SUVr) as primary(More)
TDP-43 was recently identified as the major disease protein in neuronal inclusions in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions (FTLD-U). TDP-43 is not only linked to disease mechanisms in FTLD-U, but it is also the most robust marker for the specific detection of neuronal inclusions in FTLD-U. In this study, we describe(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of lamotrigine, a novel antiepileptic drug that inhibits glutamate release, to retard disease progression in Huntington disease (HD). BACKGROUND Excitatory amino acids may cause selective neuronal death in HD, and lamotrigine may inhibit glutamate release in vivo. METHODS A double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was(More)
Six subjects with DSM-III defined unipolar major depressive disorder had positron emission tomography scans using 18F-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2FDG) before and after treatment with imipramine. Their 12 scans were compared to the scans of six controls matched for age. Significant reductions in metabolism for subjects in the depressed group were found on(More)
PURPOSE To determine the structural and functional integrity of the brain in a sample of nonretarded individuals diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome. SUBJECTS The sample consisted of nineteen individuals who met the diagnostic criteria for fetal alcohol syndrome. METHODS Intellectual function was assessed using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence(More)
PURPOSE Elevated arterial lactate concentrations in patients with sepsis have been interpreted as evidence of peripheral, nonpulmonary tissue hypoxia. These patients often develop pulmonary failure manifested by the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). As the result of tissue hypoxia or inflammation, the lungs of patients with sepsis and ARDS may(More)
Although changes in cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have been reported, these changes have been traditionally associated with the later stages of the disease. In the current study, a comprehensive neuropsychological battery was administered to MS patients (N = 86) in whom the disease progression was relatively mild and in(More)
The purpose of the 23 year follow up study was to determine the relationship between trauma variables including measures of head injury and very long-term sequelae. The study included 159 individuals with a mean age 31.40 years, of whom approximately 90% were admitted to hospital with a mild head injury during childhood (mean age 7.96). Extent of head(More)
This study is a prospective report of the cases of 135 patients who were slated for coronary artery bypass grafting and selected according to designated criteria. Patients received, in addition to an interview, a comprehensive cognitive, neuropsychologic, and personality assessment 2 weeks before operation and 3, 12, and 24 months after operation. Of the(More)