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UNLABELLED The objectives of this study were to examine the effective dose range and the test-retest reliability of florbetapir F 18 using, first, visual assessment by independent raters masked to clinical information and, second, semiautomated quantitative measures of cortical target area to cerebellum standardized uptake value ratios (SUVr) as primary(More)
TDP-43 was recently identified as the major disease protein in neuronal inclusions in frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-positive inclusions (FTLD-U). TDP-43 is not only linked to disease mechanisms in FTLD-U, but it is also the most robust marker for the specific detection of neuronal inclusions in FTLD-U. In this study, we describe(More)
PURPOSE To determine the structural and functional integrity of the brain in a sample of nonretarded individuals diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome. SUBJECTS The sample consisted of nineteen individuals who met the diagnostic criteria for fetal alcohol syndrome. METHODS Intellectual function was assessed using the Wechsler Adult Intelligence(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of lamotrigine, a novel antiepileptic drug that inhibits glutamate release, to retard disease progression in Huntington disease (HD). BACKGROUND Excitatory amino acids may cause selective neuronal death in HD, and lamotrigine may inhibit glutamate release in vivo. METHODS A double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was(More)
Olfactory discrimination was measured in patients with schizophrenia who were on neuroleptic medication and was compared with other psychiatric patients receiving neuroleptics and normal controls. The performance of the patients with schizophrenia was significantly lower than the psychiatric and normal controls. The latter two groups performed at equivalent(More)
We examined the prevalence of sleep problems in a sample of patients with mild but clinically definite multiple sclerosis (n = 143) and sought to determine whether there was a relationship between the presence of sleep complaints and the level of depression. As magnetic resonance imaging scans were available for a subsample of the patients with multiple(More)
PURPOSE Elevated arterial lactate concentrations in patients with sepsis have been interpreted as evidence of peripheral, nonpulmonary tissue hypoxia. These patients often develop pulmonary failure manifested by the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). As the result of tissue hypoxia or inflammation, the lungs of patients with sepsis and ARDS may(More)
The purpose of the 23 year follow up study was to determine the relationship between trauma variables including measures of head injury and very long-term sequelae. The study included 159 individuals with a mean age 31.40 years, of whom approximately 90% were admitted to hospital with a mild head injury during childhood (mean age 7.96). Extent of head(More)
This study is a prospective report of the cases of 135 patients who were slated for coronary artery bypass grafting and selected according to designated criteria. Patients received, in addition to an interview, a comprehensive cognitive, neuropsychologic, and personality assessment 2 weeks before operation and 3, 12, and 24 months after operation. Of the(More)
Regional cerebral glucose metabolism was studied in 16 patients with idiopathic torticollis, using positron emission tomography. Analysis of subcortical regions revealed no consistent focal abnormality of cerebral metabolic rate for glucose, but there was a bilateral breakdown of the normal relationships between the thalamus and basal ganglia. The findings(More)