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BACKGROUND There is a need for a measure of fear of falling that assesses both easy and difficult physical activities and social activities and is suitable for use in a range of languages and cultural contexts, permitting direct comparison between studies and populations in different countries and settings. OBJECTIVE To develop a modified version of the(More)
BACKGROUND the 16-item Falls Efficacy Scale-International (FES-I) has been shown to have excellent reliability and construct validity. However, for practical and clinical purposes, a shortened version of the FES-I would be useful. OBJECTIVE to develop and validate a shortened version of FES-I while preserving good psychometric properties. DESIGN initial(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate differences between hospitals in clinical management of patients admitted with fractured hip and to relate these to mortality at 90 days. DESIGN A prospective audit of process and outcome of care based on interviews with patients, abstraction from records with standard proforma, and follow up at three months. Data were analysed(More)
PURPOSE To carry out a cross-cultural validation of the Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I), a 16-item modified version of the Falls Efficacy Scale that was developed to assess both easy and more complex physical and social activities, in a range of languages and different cultural contexts. METHOD Data were collected in Germany (n = 94), The(More)
OBJECTIVE to review systematically the range of case definitions and methods used to measure falls in randomised controlled trials. DESIGN/METHODS a Cochrane review of fall prevention interventions was used to identify fall definitions in published trials. Secondary searches of various databases were used to identify additional methodological or(More)
PURPOSE Our study identified factors common to a variety of populations and settings that may promote or inhibit uptake and adherence to falls-related interventions. DESIGN AND METHODS Semistructured interviews to assess perceived advantages and barriers to taking part in falls-related interventions were carried out in six European countries with 69(More)
The aim of this study was to develop a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for clinical genetics services. Previous research was used to develop a draft 84-item questionnaire, which was completed by 527 members of patient support groups. Responses were subjected to exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Parallel analysis was used to identify the number of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate and document the effects of breathlessness on the everyday lives of patients with cancer and COPD and their carers. This subject has been little researched, although dyspnoea is recognized as a disabling, distressing symptom. The number of breathless people is increasing as patients with all types of cardio-respiratory disease live(More)
Research indicates that fewer people are able to die at home than would wish to do so. Furthermore the ability to die at home is unequally distributed depending on patient characteristics. Unless factors associated with home deaths are identified and interventions are targeted accordingly, further general improvements in care support may only help those(More)
BACKGROUND Doctors have long been considered at risk of occupational stress. METHODS A postal survey of all members of the Intensive Care Society using validated instruments. RESULTS Eight-five per cent of members returned questionnaires and 70% were eligible for the study. Twenty-nine per cent were suffering General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12)(More)