Learn More
AIMS Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease (PD) is traditionally performed under local anaesthetic (LA). STN visualization and routine validation of electrode location on stereotactic MRI may allow surgery under general anaesthesia (GA). This study compares the clinical outcome of MRI-guided STN DBS performed under(More)
Coronary heart disease (CHD) contributes substantially to illness and death worldwide. Experimental studies demonstrate that infection can stimulate atherogenic processes. This review presents a spectrum of data regarding the link between CHD and infection. In addition, the need for improved diagnostic tools, the significance of multiple pathogens, and(More)
BACKGROUND Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) has been linked to renal impairment, but the extent to which this impairment is reversible is unclear. We aimed to investigate the reversibility of renal decline during TDF therapy. METHODS Cox proportional hazards models assessed factors associated with discontinuing TDF in those with an exposure duration of(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an increasingly important cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected adults. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and incidence of HBV in the UK CHIC Study, a multicentre observational cohort. METHODS AND FINDINGS 12 HIV treatment centres were included. Of 37,331 patients, 27,450 had at least(More)
Noncirrhotic portal hypertension (NCPH) is a rare but important clinical entity in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) populations. The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical factors associated with the condition in an effort to formulate a diagnostic algorithm for easy and early diagnosis. We performed a multicenter, retrospective case-control(More)
OBJECTIVES Commonly used measures of engagement in HIV care do not take into account that the frequency of attendance is related to changes in treatment and health status. This study developed a new measure of engagement in care (EIC) incorporating clinical factors. METHODS We conducted semi-structured interviews with eight HIV physicians to identify(More)
Setting aside protected areas is a key strategy for tackling biodiversity loss. Reserve effectiveness depends on the extent to which protected areas capture both known occurrences and areas likely to support the species. We assessed the effectiveness of the existing reserve network for Leadbeater's Possum (Gymnobelideus leadbeateri) and other(More)
Case report A 33-year-old woman of non-UK origin who travelled frequently in her job presented complaining of chronic pelvic pain over the previous 4 years with intermittent exacerbations. The pain was situated mainly in the suprapubic region, was unrelated to her periods or to sexual intercourse and had not been relieved by routine analgesics. She had had(More)
W heezing in early childhood is common, occurring in approximately 50% of children before the age of 6 years. 1 Understanding the role of respiratory viruses in triggering acute wheezing in children has been compromised by the lack of comparison groups in previous studies. 2 The objective of this study was to investigate the association (using a control(More)