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We examined the storage dynamics and isotopic composition of soil water over 12 months in three hydropedological units in order to understand runoff generation in a montane catchment. The units form classic catena sequences from freely draining podzols on steep upper hillslopes through peaty gleys in shallower lower slopes to deeper peats in the riparian(More)
The spatio-temporal variability of stream water temperatures was investigated at six locations on the Girnock Burn (30km 2 catchment), Cairngorms, Scotland over three hydrological years between 1998 and 2002. The key site-specific factors affecting the hydrology and climatology of the sampling points were investigated as a basis for physical process(More)
Macroinvertebrates, discharge and 16 chemical variables were monitored over a 14-year period in four small streams (catchment area <15 km2) in the Cairngorm mountains, Scotland. Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) was used to assess relationships between invertebrates and environmental conditions on the day of sampling, average conditions over the(More)
River systems draining peaty catchments are considered a source of atmospheric CO2,thus understanding the behavior of the dissolved inorganic carbon pool (DIC) is valuable. The carbon isotopic composition, delta13C(DIC), and concentration, [DIC], of fluvial samples collected diurnally, over 14 months, reveal the DIC pools to be dynamic in range (-22 to(More)
An outline of both the scientific and management needs facing the future water quality issues of Scotland is discussed. The scientific needs are considered in terms of monitoring to increase the understanding of hydrochemical processes, issues of scaling, and the need for improved modelling under changing environmental processes. In terms of the management(More)
The chemical composition and invertebrate communities found in four streams in the Cairngorms, Scotland, were monitored between 1985-1997. Stream waters were mildly acidic (mean pH ca. 6.5), with low alkalinity (mean acid neutralising capacity varying from 35-117 meq l-1) and low ionic strength. Subtle differences in the chemistry of each stream were(More)
Stream water temperature data from the Girnock burn, a 30-km2 catchment in Scotland were examined for systematic variation across 30 years of record (1968-1997). The data suggest that there has been no change in mean annual temperature with time, but at a seasonal level there is some indication of an increase in mean daily maximum temperatures during the(More)
A geographical information system (GIS-ARC/INFO) was used to collate existing spatial data sets on catchment characteristics to predict stream water quality using simple empirical models. The study, based on the river Dee catchment in NE Scotland, found that geological maps and associated geochemical information provided a suitable framework for predicting(More)
Like many streams draining intensively farmed parts of lowland Scotland, water quality in the Newmills burn, Aberdeenshire, is characterized by relatively high nutrient levels; mean concentrations of NO3-N and NH3-N are 6.09 mg l(-1) and 0.28 mg l(-1), respectively, whilst average PO4-P concentrations reach 0.06 mg l(-1). Nutrient concentrations vary(More)
Land above 300 m covers approximately 75% of the surface of Scotland and most of the nation's major river systems have their headwaters in this upland environment. The hydrological characteristics of the uplands exert an important influence on the hydrochemistry of both headwater streams and downstream river systems. Thus, many of the spatial and temporal(More)