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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a hexatriacontapeptide amide that is now well characterized as a neuromodulator in the central nervous system (CNS). When infused into the CNS, NPY produces both anxiolytic and orexigenic effects. NPY's anxiolytic effects appear to be mediated through receptors in the central amygdala, whereas its orexigenic effects are localized in(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has neuromodulatory actions on multiple brain functions including endocrine, behavioral, and circadian processes. Behavioral studies suggest that NPY is a potent anxiolytic; however, little is known about how NPY affects general arousal and/or attention states. The present study evaluated the effects of NPY on spontaneous brain activity(More)
Stress has been reported to influence ethanol consumption and relapse in abstinent alcoholics. The present study examined if prolonged alterations in neurophysiological responses to corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and neuropeptide Y (NPY), peptides known to influence stress responses, would persist during protracted ethanol abstinence. Male Wistar rats(More)
Neurotensin is a tridecapeptide, present in the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract in man and animals. Previous studies in mice selectively bred for differences in hypnotic sensitivity to ethanol have provided data to suggest that neurotensinergic systems may mediate differences in ethanol's actions in these animals. The present study(More)
The recently isolated Corticotropin Releasing Factor (CRF) related peptide, urocortin, has been reported to elicit a different behavioral profile than that of CRF. CRF is a potent anxiogenic agent and stimulant of motor activity whereas under similar conditions urocortin is a potent anorectic and mild locomotor stimulant. The neurophysiological effects of(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has neuromodulatory actions on multiple brain functions including endocrine, behavioral, and circadian processes and has been implicated in the pathophysiology of both anxiety and depression. Behavioral studies suggest that NPY is a potent anxiolytic, whereas CRF is anxiogenic, thus it seems that a balance of these two peptides may(More)
Electroencephalograms (EEGs) and event-related potentials (ERPs) to auditory stimuli were recorded following intracerebroventricular administration of neuropeptide Y (saline, NPY: 1.0, 3.0 nmol) in two lines of rats that have been genetically selected for alcohol preferring (P) or non-preferring (NP) behaviors. Previous studies have demonstrated that NPY(More)
Circuits involving major afferents to the ventral striatum from the frontal cortex, amygdala and hippocampus have been implicated in the selective processing of conditioned stimuli predictive of 'important events' or reward-related processes. We utilized an animal model of event-related potentials (ERPs) to explore the relationship between these brain areas(More)
Alcohol-preferring (P) and -nonpreferring (NP) rats differ in baseline neurophysiological measures as well as in their neurophysiological responses to ethanol. In the present study, these lines of rats were assessed to determine whether they also differ in their neurophysiological responses during an associative learning paradigm. Male P and NP rats were(More)
In clinical studies and animal models, there is evidence that nicotine exposure during gestation can result in deficits in cognitive performance. The present study examined the effects of two doses of neonatal nicotine exposure on adult brain activity as assessed by the N1 and P3 components of the event-related potential (ERP) and background(More)