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In this study of 360 low-income mother-child dyads, our primary goal was to disentangle risks linked with commonly co-occurring maternal diagnoses: substance abuse and affective/anxiety disorders. Variable- and person-based analyses suggest that, at least through children's early adolescence, maternal drug use is no more inimical for them than is maternal(More)
AIMS To evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and urinary incontinence (UI) in adults ≥40 from the United States, United Kingdom, and Sweden. METHODS This was a secondary analysis of EpiLUTS-a population-representative, cross-sectional, Internet-based survey conducted to assess the prevalence and HRQL impact of urinary symptoms. UI was(More)
The aim of the current study was to identify and evaluate cutoffs for mild, moderate, and severe ranges of Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) scores. Data were from a four-week randomized trial of treatment for generalized anxiety disorder. Measures included the HAM-A, SF-36, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Clinical Global Impressions(More)
Film and game studios can no longer meet audience demand for visual content by increasing production budgets. Instead they are turning to procedural modeling, particularly for modeling cities. The authors review procedural modeling, examine the CityEngine tool, and study the use of procedural urban modeling in Electronic Arts' Need for Speed games.
BACKGROUND The characteristics of patients who suffer from noncancer pain and opioid-induced constipation are not well understood. METHODS Cross-sectional patient survey and chart review data from the baseline assessment of an ongoing longitudinal study in the USA, Canada, Germany, and the UK were evaluated via descriptive statistics. Participants had(More)
BACKGROUND Although respiratory symptoms are characteristic features of COPD, there is no standardised method for quantifying their severity in stable disease. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the EXACT-Respiratory Symptom (E-RS) measure, a daily diary comprising 11 of the 14 items in the Exacerbations of Chronic Pulmonary Disease Tool (EXACT). METHODS(More)
In the digital entertainment industry, cities are one of the largest artifacts modeled by artists. One alternative to modeling an entire city by hand is to use an urban simulation. Often, those simulations use a gridded terrain representation. Translating gridded simulation results into a more continuous, realistic representation can often be difficult. Our(More)
AIMS To estimate the prevalence of LUTS and OAB in a large, ethnically diverse US study. METHODS This cross-sectional, population-representative survey was conducted via the Internet in the US among 10,000 men and women aged 18-70 (2,000 African-Americans [AA], 2,000 Hispanics, 6,000 whites). The LUTS tool assessed how often participants experienced LUTS(More)
AIMS The Overactive Bladder Questionnaire (OAB-q) has demonstrated robust psychometric properties in continent and incontinent OAB patients. However, there is a need for a short-form of this instrument for settings where completing the full OAB-q may be too burdensome. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe the validation of the OAB-q short-form. (More)
Date ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Completing a thesis is impossible to achieve without support. I would like to thank Professor Wheeler Ruml, my thesis advisor, for his guidance and support through the process. His influence in instruction, group research, and personal research is invaluable. I would like to give a special thanks to Ethan Burns who provided the(More)