Chris Schwemmer

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High-density objects, like catheters, pacemakers or even contrast agent-filled vessels, cause characteristic streak artifacts in computed tomography (CT). Similar to metal artifacts, these streaks can be reduced by removing the dense object using segmentation and interpolation. First, we compare state-of-the-art interpolation methods like linear, spline and(More)
—Anatomical and functional information about the cardiac chambers is a key component of future developments in the field of interventional cardiology. With the technology of C-arm CT it is possible to reconstruct intraprocedural 3-D images from angiographic projection data. Some approaches attempt to add the temporal dimension (4-D) by electrocardiogram(More)
In computed tomography fiducial markers are frequently used to obtain accurate point correspondences for further processing. These markers typically cause metal artefacts, decreasing image quality of the subsequent reconstruction and are therefore often removed from the projection data. The placement of such markers is usually done on a surface, separating(More)
Today, quantitative analysis of three-dimensional (3D) dynamics of the left ventricle (LV) cannot be performed directly in the catheter lab using a current angiographic C-arm system, which is the workhorse imaging modality for cardiac interventions. Therefore, myocardial wall analysis is completely based on the 2D angiographic images or pre-interventional(More)
It is known that a reduction of the field-of-view in 3-D X-ray imaging is proportional to a reduction in radiation dose. The resulting truncation, however, is incompatible with conventional reconstruction algorithms. Recently, a novel method for region of interest reconstruction that uses neither prior knowledge nor extrapolation has been published, named(More)
Purpose: For interventional cardiac procedures, anatomical and functional information about the cardiac chambers is of major interest. With the technology of angiographic C-arm systems it is possible to reconstruct intraprocedural three-dimensional (3D) images from 2D rotational angiographic projection data (C-arm CT). However, 3D reconstruction of a(More)
In C-arm computed tomography, patient dose reduction by volume-of-interest (VOI) imaging is of increasing interest for many clinical applications. A remaining limitation of VOI imaging is the truncation artifact when reconstructing a 3D volume. It can either be cupping towards the boundaries of the field-of-view (FOV) or an incorrect offset in the(More)
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