Chris Schwemmer

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Three-dimensional reconstruction of cardiac vasculature from angiographic C-arm CT (rotational angiography) data is a major challenge. Motion artefacts corrupt image quality, reducing usability for diagnosis and guidance. Many state-of-the-art approaches depend on retrospective ECG-gating of projection data for image reconstruction. A trade-off has to be(More)
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a functional index quantifying the severity of coronary artery lesions and is clinically obtained using an invasive, catheter-based measurement. Recently, physics-based models have shown great promise in being able to noninvasively estimate FFR from patient-specific anatomical information, e.g., obtained from computed(More)
The acquisition of data for cardiac imaging using a C-arm computed tomography system requires several seconds and multiple heartbeats. Hence, incorporation of motion correction in the reconstruction step may improve the resulting image quality. Cardiac motion can be estimated by deformable three-dimensional (3D)/3D registration performed on initial 3D(More)
PURPOSE In the community of x-ray imaging, there is a multitude of tools and applications that are used in scientific practice. Many of these tools are proprietary and can only be used within a certain lab. Often the same algorithm is implemented multiple times by different groups in order to enable comparison. In an effort to tackle this problem, the(More)
Many scientists in the field of x-ray imaging rely on the simulation of x-ray images. As the phantom models become more and more realistic, their projection requires high computational effort. Since x-ray images are based on transmission, many standard graphics acceleration algorithms cannot be applied to this task. However, if adapted properly, the(More)
In interventional cardiology, three-dimensional anatomical and functional information of the cardiac chambers, e.g. the left ventricle, would have an important impact on diagnosis and therapy. With the technology of C-arm CT it is possible to reconstruct intraprocedural 3-D images from angiographic projection data. Due to the long acquisition time of(More)
PURPOSE For interventional cardiac procedures, anatomical and functional information about the cardiac chambers is of major interest. With the technology of angiographic C-arm systems it is possible to reconstruct intraprocedural three-dimensional (3D) images from 2D rotational angiographic projection data (C-arm CT). However, 3D reconstruction of a dynamic(More)
It is known that a reduction of the field-of-view in 3-D X-ray imaging is proportional to a reduction in radiation dose. The resulting truncation, however, is incompatible with conventional reconstruction algorithms. Recently, a novel method for region of interest reconstruction that uses neither prior knowledge nor extrapolation has been published, named(More)
High-density objects, like catheters, pacemakers or even contrast agent-filled vessels, cause characteristic streak artifacts in computed tomography (CT). Similar to metal artifacts, these streaks can be reduced by removing the dense object using segmentation and interpolation. First, we compare state-of-the-art interpolation methods like linear, spline and(More)
In C-arm CT, electrocardiogram (ECG)-gating of data from a single C-arm rotation provides only a few projections per heart phase for image reconstruction. This view starvation leads to prominent streak artifacts and a poor signal to noise ratio. Motion compensation techniques allow for the use of all acquired data for image reconstruction. Cardiac motion(More)