Chris S Wilkinson

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OBJECTIVE Considerable evidence suggests that a self-reported history of physical and/or sexual abuse is more frequently reported among chronic pain populations and is associated with poorer adjustment to pain. However, previous research has typically included patients seeking treatment for pain, whereas few population-based studies have explored the(More)
BACKGROUND The steadily increasing global rates of cesarean section has become one of the most debated topics in maternity care. This paper reviews and reports on the success of strategies that have been developed in response to this continuing challenge. METHODS A literature search identified studies conducted between 1985 and 2001 from the Cochrane(More)
BACKGROUND The proportion of births by cesarean section in Australia has recently increased by 35 percent, rising from 17 percent in 1990 to 23 percent in 2000. Unlike previous research, which has focused on women's role in increasing rates of cesarean section, this study aimed to explore the existence of wider cultural norms of acceptance of cesarean(More)
BACKGROUND A single layer closure might save operating time, disrupt less tissue, introduce less foreign material into the wound, and thus result in less post operative morbidity. OBJECTIVES The objective of this review was to assess the effects of a single layer closure of the uterine incision at caesarean section, in contrast to conventional two layer(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that the peritoneal suture might be omitted during caesarean section without adverse effects. OBJECTIVES The objective of this review was to assess the effects of non-closure as an alternative to closure of the peritoneum at caesarean section on intra-operative and immediate postoperative outcomes. SEARCH STRATEGY We(More)
Pre-eclampsia and placenta accreta have opposite histological features of placentation. This study set out to test the hypotheses that the sex ratios in these two pregnancy complications are opposite and that these conditions are mutually exclusive. A population-based database covering all deliveries in South Australia between 1986 and 1995 and the(More)
 Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a common abnormality affecting 1 in 2,000 gestations. The mortality exceeds 50% despite recent advances in postnatal treatment. The widespread antenatal use of glucocorticoids to induce lung maturation in fetuses at risk of premature delivery suggests a potential for a therapeutic effect in other fetuses with(More)
BACKGROUND Although manual removal of the placenta is commonly carried out, opinions differ about the best technique for delivery of the placenta at caesarean section. OBJECTIVES The objective of this review was to assess the effects of manual removal of the placenta at caesarean section. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth(More)
BACKGROUND Day care is increasingly being used for complications of pregnancy, but there is little published evidence on its efficacy. We assessed the clinical, psychosocial, and economic effects of day care for three pregnancy complications in a randomised trial of day care versus standard care on an antenatal ward. METHODS 395 women were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND After caesarean delivery of the fetus and placenta, the uterus may be placed outside the mother to facilitate repair of the uterine incision. OBJECTIVES The objective of this review was to assess the effects of exteriorisation of the uterus, compared to the effects of uterine closure within the abdominal cavity. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched(More)