Chris S Peers

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Alzheimer's disease is recognized post mortem by the presence of extracellular senile plaques, made primarily of aggregation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta). This peptide has consequently been regarded as the principal toxic factor in the neurodegeneration of Alzheimer's disease. As such, intense research effort has been directed at determining its source,(More)
Neuroepithelial bodies act as airway oxygen sensors. The lung carcinoma line H146 is an established model for neuroepithelial body cells. Although O(2) sensing in both cells is via NADPH oxidase H(2)O(2)/free radical production and acute hypoxia promotes K(+) channel closure and cell depolarization, the identity of the K(+) channel is still controversial.(More)
Whole-cell K+ currents were recorded in isolated type I carotid body cells using the patch-clamp technique. Hypoxia (pO2 25 torr) reversibly suppressed K+ currents in a voltage-dependent manner: maximal effects were seen at low, positive test potentials, where the Ca2(+)-activated component of K+ currents was greatest. Enhancing this component with 5 microM(More)
1. In the whole-cell configuration of the patch clamp technique, isolated rat carotid body type I cells exhibited reversible activation of Cl- currents during cell swelling effected by hypotonic extracellular solutions. 2. Hypotonic solutions evoked outwardly rectifying, non-inactivating currents which showed time-independent activation. The reversal(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized in part by the presence of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) rich intracellular inclusions (Lewy bodies). Mutations and multiplication of the alpha-synuclein gene (SNCA) are associated with familial PD. Since Ca2+ dyshomeostasis may play an important role in the pathogenesis of PD, we used fluorimetry in fura-2 loaded(More)
Specialized O2-sensing cells exhibit a particularly low threshold to regulation by O2 supply and function to maintain arterial pO2 within physiological limits. For example, hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction optimizes ventilation-perfusion matching in the lung, whereas carotid body excitation elicits corrective cardio-respiratory reflexes. It is generally(More)
1. The whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was used to record K+ currents from type I cells enzymatically dispersed from the neonatal rat carotid body. The current-voltage (I-V) relationship for the K+ currents showed a prominent, outward shoulder at test potentials of between +10 and +30 mV. 2. The shoulder of the I-V curve could be(More)
Ra-KLP, a 75 amino acid protein secreted by the salivary gland of the brown ear tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus has a sequence resembling those of Kunitz/BPTI proteins. We report the detection, purification and characterization of the function of Ra-KLP. In addition, determination of the three-dimensional crystal structure of Ra-KLP at 1.6 A resolution(More)
Modulation of calcium-sensitive potassium (BK) channels by oxygen is important in several mammalian tissues, and in the carotid body it is crucial to respiratory control. However, the identity of the oxygen sensor remains unknown. We demonstrate that hemoxygenase-2 (HO-2) is part of the BK channel complex and enhances channel activity in normoxia. Knockdown(More)
Microamperometry was used to monitor quantal catecholamine release from individual PC12 cells in response to raised extracellular K+ and caffeine. K+-evoked exocytosis was entirely dependent on Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, and of the subtypes of such channels present in these cells, influx through N-type was primarily responsible for(More)