Chris R. Rose

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1. We studied regulation of intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) in cultured rat hippocampal neurones using fluorescence ratio imaging of the Na+ indicator dye SBFI (sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate). 2. In standard CO2/HCO3(-)-buffered saline with 3 mM K+, neurones had a baseline [Na+]i of 8.9 +/- 3.8 mM (mean +/- S.D.). Spontaneous, transient(More)
1. We determined the intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) and mechanisms of its regulation in cultured rat hippocampal astrocytes using fluorescence ratio imaging of the Na+ indicator SBFI-AM (acetoxymethylester of sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate, 10 microM). Dye signal calibration within the astrocytes showed that the ratiometric dye signal(More)
A steep inwardly directed Na+ gradient is essential for glial functions such as glutamate reuptake and regulation of intracellular ion concentrations. We investigated the effects of glucose deprivation, chemical hypoxia, and simulated ischemia on intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) in cultured spinal cord astrocytes using fluorescence ratio imaging(More)
Glutamate uptake is coupled to counter-transport of K+, and high external K+ concentrations can induce reversal of glutamate uptake in whole-cell patch-clamp and isolated membrane preparations. However, high external K+ causes little or no reversal of glutamate uptake in intact astrocytes, suggesting a regulatory mechanism not evident in membrane(More)
The excitatory transmitter glutamate (Glu), and its analogs kainate (KA), and D-aspartate (D-Asp) produce significant pH changes in glial cells. Transmitter-induced pH changes in glial cells, generating changes in extracellular pH, may represent a special form of neuronal-glial interaction. We investigated the mechanisms underlying these changes in(More)
Gap junctions between glial cells allow intercellular exchange of ions and small molecules. We have investigated the influence of gap junction coupling on regulation of intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) in cultured rat hippocampal astrocytes, using fluorescence ratio imaging with the Na+ indicator dye SBFI (sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate).(More)
Spinal cord astrocytes display a high density of voltage-gated Na+ channels. To study the contribution of Na+ influx via these channels to Na+ homeostasis in cultured spinal cord astrocytes, we measured intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) with the fluorescent dye sodium-binding benzofuran isophthalate. Stellate and nonstellate astrocytes, which display(More)