Chris P. Guise

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Phase I/II cancer gene therapy trials of the Escherichia coli nitroreductase NfsB in partnership with the prodrug CB1954 [5-(aziridin-1-yl)-2,4-dinitrobenzamide] have indicated that CB1954 toxicity is dose-limiting at concentrations far below the enzyme K(M). Here we report that the flavin reductase FRase I from Vibrio fischeri is also a CB1954(More)
Hypoxia is a common trait found in many solid tumours and thus represents a therapeutic target with considerable potential. PR-104, a hypoxia-activated prodrug currently in clinical trial, is a water-soluble phosphate ester which is converted in vivo to the corresponding alcohol, PR-104A. This 3,5-dinitrobenzamide-2-nitrogen mustard is activated by(More)
SN30000 is a second-generation benzotriazine-N-oxide hypoxia-activated prodrug scheduled for clinical trial. Previously we showed that covalent binding of the hypoxia probe EF5 predicts metabolic activation of SN30000 in a panel of cancer cell lines under anoxia, suggesting that they are activated by the same reductases. However the identity of these(More)
Expression of prodrug-activating enzymes that convert non-toxic substrates to cytotoxic derivatives is a promising strategy for cancer gene therapy. However, their catalytic activity with unnatural, prodrug substrates is often suboptimal. Efforts to improve these enzymes have been limited by the inability to select directly for increased prodrug activation.(More)
Activation of prodrugs in tumors (e.g., by bioreduction in hypoxic zones) has the potential to generate active metabolites that can diffuse within the tumor microenvironment. Such "bystander effects" may offset spatial heterogeneity in prodrug activation but the relative importance of this effect is not understood. Here, we quantify the contribution of(More)
1. The prodrug CB1954 (5-(aziridin-1-yl)-2,4-dinitrobenzamide) is activated by Escherichia coli nitroreductase (NTR) to a potent DNA-crosslinking agent. 2. Virus-mediated expression of NTR in tumour cells sensitizes them to CB1954 in vitro and in vivo, providing the basis for a strategy of cancer gene therapy. 3. A phase I trial of CB1954 in cancer patients(More)
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