Chris Neeleman

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The long pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an important element of the innate immune system and has potential as a diagnostic tool in inflammatory conditions. We studied PTX3 in patients admitted to an intensive care unit with severe meningococcal disease and compared it with the short pentraxin C-reactive protein (CRP). Twenty-six patients with meningococcal disease(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic activation of complement during meningococcal disease is associated with severe disease and poor outcome. The exact mechanism of activation of complement is unknown but is important for future therapies aimed at modulating the complement system in this disease. METHODS We studied complement activation in a group of 22 patients,(More)
Background:Current tools to predict the severity of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection might be improved by including immunological parameters. We hypothesized that a combination of inflammatory markers would differentiate between severe and mild disease in RSV-infected children.Methods:Blood and nasopharyngeal samples from 52 RSV-infected children(More)
Amplified fragment length polymorphism versus pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was used for fingerprinting of 85 macrolide-resistant pneumococcal isolates identified by using primarily phenotypic methods. Confirmation of identification by 16S rRNA sequencing revealed that 27 isolates were actually nonpneumococci. Amplified fragment length polymorphism but(More)
SUMMARY BACKGROUND During invasive meningococcal disease, severe thrombocytopenia is strongly associated with a poor outcome. OBJECTIVES In order to elucidate the pathophysiological mechanism behind the development of thrombocytopenia, we studied the role of von Willebrand factor (VWF) in meningococcal disease. PATIENTS/METHODS Thirty-two children with(More)
To study the role of surface-associated proteins in the virulence of Streptococcus pneumoniae, we used two serotype 3 strains, ATCC 6303 and WU2, and two PspA-negative mutants of WU2, an encapsulated one, JY1123 (Caps(+)/PspA(-)), and an unencapsulated one, DW3.8 (Caps(-)/PspA(-)). ATCC 6303 and WU2 were highly virulent in mice, while the virulence of(More)
The complement system is an essential element in our innate defense against infections with Neisseria meningitidis. We describe 2 cases of meningococcal septic shock, 1 of them fatal, in 2 children of a Turkish family. In the surviving patient, alternative pathway activation was absent and factor D plasma concentrations were undetectable. Concentrations of(More)
A 13-year-old Moroccan boy in The Netherlands developed fever and a lesion resembling ecthyma gangrenosum on the abdomen during cytostatic drug treatment for a lymphoblastic B-cell lymphoma.Scytalidium dimidiatum was cultured from blood and the abdominal skin lesion. The patient was successfully treated with amphotericin B. The fungusScytalidium dimidiatum(More)
A previously healthy 10-month-old boy was referred to our hospital because of coarse facial features that were suggestive of lysosomal storage disease. Apart from noisy respiration, there was no medical history. Elevated levels of urinary glycosaminoglycans and complete deficiency of leukocyte α-l-iduronidase indicated severe mucopolysaccharidosis type I. A(More)
Objective: To determine the value of the platelet count at admission for the assessment of the severity of disease in acute meningococcal infections. Design: Retrospective and prospective, descriptive patient study. Setting: University Hospital Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Patients: All patients (n=92) with acute meningococcal disease from 1985 to 1997, who(More)