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Introducing Environmental Externalities into Transport Pricing: Measurement and Implications
Abstract It is European Commission policy to charge modes of transport according to the marginal social cost of their use of the infrastructure, including environmental costs. However, progress inExpand
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Passenger railway reform in the last 20 years – European experience reconsidered
It is about 20 years since the rail reform process in Europe began with the separation of infrastructure from operations in Sweden. This paper reviews the entire process, examining the objectives ofExpand
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High-Speed Rail & Air Transport Competition: Game Engineering as Tool for Cost-Benefit Analysis
This research develops a methodology to assess infrastructure investments and their effects on transport equilibria taking into account competition between multiple privatized transport operatorExpand
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Liveness and Flow in Notation Use
TLDR
This paper presents concepts, models, and empirical findings relating to liveness and flow in the user experience of systems mediated by notation. Expand
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European Rail Reform and Passenger Services: The Next Steps
Whilst the emphasis of European Union rail legislation to date has been on freight, measures such as separation of infrastructure from operations, infrastructure charging regimes and regulation haveExpand
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When to Invest in High- Speed Rail Links and Networks?
Definitions of high speed rail (HSR) differ, but a common one is rail systems which are designed for a maximum speed in excess of 250 kph (UIC, 2008). These speeds invariably involve the constructionExpand
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Supporting virtuosity and flow in computer music
TLDR
Compiler macros were written to abstract common or complex analysis operations, such as iteration or the use of multiprocessing. Expand
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Investigating the market for inter-modal freight technologies
Abstract Freight carried by rail has traditionally been mainly low value bulk commodities. The market for transport of such commodities appears at best static and is forming a smaller proportion ofExpand
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The cognitive dimensions of music notations
TLDR
This paper presents and adapts the Cognitive Dimensions of Notations framework (Green and Petre, 1996) for use in designing and analysing notations (and user interfaces) in both digital and traditional music practice and study. Expand
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Measuring the marginal social cost of transport
Transport Pricing Policy and the Research Agenda. Alternative Pricing Doctrines. Infrastructure. Operating Costs. User Costs and Benefits. Accidents. Environmental Costs. The Impacts of MarginalExpand
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