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Twenty-four amnesics, including patients with Korsakoff's disease, post-encephalitic amnesia and amnesia caused by rupture of an anterior communicating artery aneurysm (ACoAA), were compared with 24 matched control subjects on a task in which words were presented in any one of four positions on a computer screen and subjects were instructed to remember both(More)
Groups of amnesics with aetiologies that included chronic alcoholism, encephalitis and ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm (ACoAA) were examined on the Cognitive Estimation Test (CET), FAS Word Fluency Test (FAS) and the full and Nelson (1976) versions of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). The alcoholic amnesics were impaired on all four(More)
Two experiments were used to compare the recognition memory of amnesic and normal subjects for intentionally encoded words (targets) and for incidentally encoded words that were meaningfully related to the targets and presented at the same time (interactive context). In both experiments the target recognition of the two groups was matched at a high level by(More)
Two groups of patients with global amnesia resulting either from Korsakoff's syndrome (KS) or from medial temporal lobe (MTL) damage were compared with groups of matched healthy control subjects on a list discrimination paradigm. Item recognition memory was matched across the amnesic and control groups in order to determine whether KS, but not MTL amnesics(More)
INTRODUCTION Current pharmacological therapies in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are challenged by lack of sustainability and borderline firm evidence of real long-term health benefits. Accordingly, lifestyle intervention remains the corner stone in the management of T2D. However, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the optimal intervention(More)
Normal peoples' memory can be seriously disrupted if their cognitive resources are depleted by means of an experimental manipulation (such as distraction at encoding or at retrieval). By analogy, it has also been suggested that amnesia might result directly from pathological loss of cognitive capacity. This hypothesis was examined in 12 mixed amnesics and(More)
Alcoholic amnesics were given a test of temporal sequencing ability devised by Efron which has practically no memory component. These amnesics were very impaired on the task. However, the extent of this impairment did not relate to the magnitude of their "target memory" deficit nor did it relate to the ability to make temporal judgements from memory. Two(More)
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